Open Journal of Composite Materials

Volume 8, Issue 3 (July 2018)

ISSN Print: 2164-5612   ISSN Online: 2164-5655

Google-based Impact Factor: 2.75  Citations  

Fabrication of Manila Hemp Fiber Reinforced Cross Ply Biodegradable Composites and Their Tensile Properties

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DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2018.83007    641 Downloads   1,199 Views  
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ABSTRACT

Natural plant fibers, including flax, kenaf, jute, bamboo, ramie and much more are renewable and sustainable resources and are considered good candidates for cost-effective alternatives to glass and carbon fibers. In this research, cross ply biodegradable composites were fabricated by press-forming method. The biodegradable composites consist of Manila hemp textile as a reinforcement and starch-based biodegradable plastics as a matrix was fabricated and investigated about mechanical properties. The tensile strength increased with the fiber content until fiber content of about 50% and leveled off thereafter. This dependence on the fiber content is due to the decrease in fiber strength of loading direction caused by fiber damages introduced during hot-pressing. In order to decrease the damage of fibers aligned in loading direction, Manila hemp textile was produced by using Manila hemp fibers for warp and biodegradable resin thread for weft. As a result, the tensile strength of cross ply composites increased from 153 MPa to 202 MPa.

Cite this paper

Ochi, S. (2018) Fabrication of Manila Hemp Fiber Reinforced Cross Ply Biodegradable Composites and Their Tensile Properties. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 8, 75-83. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2018.83007.

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