Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Volume 8, Issue 6 (June 2018)

ISSN Print: 2160-8792   ISSN Online: 2160-8806

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Oral Misoprostol 2 Hourly for Labor Induction

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.86062    456 Downloads   1,209 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of the 2 hourly oral misoprostol for labor induction. Between May and November 2013, the hospital records of 83 women who were induced for labor and met the eligibility criteria were retrospectively reviewed. Eligibility criteria were singleton pregnancy of at least 34 weeks’ gestation and a baseline Bishop score < 6. Women with a previous cesarean section or other uterine surgery, severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, and parity of 4 or more were excluded. Oral misoprostol was administered as 20 μg 2 hourly unless active labor. A maximum of 12 doses was allowed. The age of the women was 27.9 ± 5.3 years (mean ± SD). Vaginal delivery within 24 hours occurred in 38 (45.8%) women. Cesarean delivery occurred in 17 (20.5%) women. Although more parous women achieved vaginal delivery within 24 hours (52.6%) compared with nulliparous women (40.0%), the difference was not significant (P = .35). Uterine tachysystole occurred in 12 (14.5%) women. No perinatal deaths or neonatal intensive care unit admission occurred in the study group. Evidence supporting an optimal regimen is lacking, and additional research is warranted to optimize the use of oral misoprostol for the induction of labor.

Cite this paper

Kafy, S. (2018) Oral Misoprostol 2 Hourly for Labor Induction. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 8, 553-558. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2018.86062.

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