Modern Mechanical Engineering

Volume 8, Issue 1 (February 2018)

ISSN Print: 2164-0165   ISSN Online: 2164-0181

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.70  Citations  

Optimization of Welding Parameters for Friction Stir Lap Welding of AA6061-T6 Alloy

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DOI: 10.4236/mme.2018.81003    1,054 Downloads   2,500 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is currently used in many aircraft and aerospace sheet metal structures involving lap joints and there has been growing interest in recent years in utilizing this process for joining aluminum alloys. In this paper, Friction Stir Lap Welding (FSLW) of the 6061-T6 aluminum alloy was carried out to obtain the optimum welding condition for maximum shear strength where the rotational speed, axial load, and welding speed were taken as process parameters. An L-9 orthogonal array, a Taguchi Method with consideration of three levels and three factors was designed and executed for conducting trials. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Signal to Noise (S/N) ratio were employed to investigate the influence of different welding parameters on the shear strength and obtain the optimum parameters. The Fisher-Test was also implemented to find the design parameter which had the most important effect on the characteristic of quality. The results indicated that the tool rotational speed had the maximum percentage contribution (51%) on the response (shear strength) followed by the welding speed (38%) and the axial load (8%) while the percentage of error was 3%. However, to confirm the main effects for the means and S/N ratios of the experiment, theoretical shear strength values were computed to predict the tensile strength. The maximum shear strength of 60 MPa was achieved and the effectiveness of the method was confirmed. The optimum parameter combinations that provided higher shear strength were: rotational speed of 1200 rpm, welding speed of 45 mm/min and the axial load of 11.5 kN.

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Chandran, R. , Ramaiyan, S. , Shanbhag, A. and Santhanam, S. (2018) Optimization of Welding Parameters for Friction Stir Lap Welding of AA6061-T6 Alloy. Modern Mechanical Engineering, 8, 31-41. doi: 10.4236/mme.2018.81003.

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