Advances in Physical Education

Volume 7, Issue 4 (November 2017)

ISSN Print: 2164-0386   ISSN Online: 2164-0408

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.09  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Sport Coaches Learn to Coach in Hong Kong

HTML  XML Download Download as PDF (Size: 307KB)  PP. 425-443  
DOI: 10.4236/ape.2017.74036    798 Downloads   2,035 Views   Citations


Sport coaching is dynamic and complex. Sport coaches must develop a range of skills and knowledge to coach competently. Studies have shown that school sport coaches learn to coach through many different situations. School sport coaches seem to learn to coach through life experiences in various learning situations. To date, few studies have investigated the process by which school sport coaches in Hong Kong learn how to coach. Therefore, the present study examined the learning situations in which school sport coaches learn to coach and the factors that influence their coaching practice, using Moon’s generic view of learning. Twelve sport coaches with a minimum of one year’s experience of coaching in schools were recruited in this study. Snowball sampling was employed to maximise variation of the sample. Two semistructured interviews were conducted to gather information concerning their sporting experiences, career paths, learning-to-coach processes, and coaching practice in schools. Deductive content analysis was used to organise and categorise the data. The trustworthiness of the study was established using peer debriefing and member checking. Findings indicated that school sport coaches learn to coach through formal coaching education courses and informal learning settings: mentoring and exchanging ideas with other coaches and physical education teachers. Sport coaches also reported that their past sporting and coaching experience helped their coaching practice. Number of participants, school equipment and facilities, and weather were major factors that influence the practice of school sport coaches. The findings of the study have implications for the training of sport coaches with respect to their specific learning needs and knowledge of how to coach in Hong Kong’s school system. Learning strategies should be provided to address different learning situations coaches might encounter and the factors that influence practice to facilitate their coaching in schools.

Cite this paper

Cruz, A. (2017) Sport Coaches Learn to Coach in Hong Kong. Advances in Physical Education, 7, 425-443. doi: 10.4236/ape.2017.74036.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.