Open Journal of Gastroenterology

Volume 7, Issue 7 (July 2017)

ISSN Print: 2163-9450   ISSN Online: 2163-9469

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.36  Citations  

Clinical and Etiological Profile of Ascites in the Departmental University Hospital of Porto-Novo

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DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2017.77021    691 Downloads   1,461 Views  Citations


Aim: To determine the frequency, the clinical and etiological aspects of ascites in the Internal Medicine Division of the University Hospital of Porto-Novo. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study with a descriptive focus covering the period from January 16 to August 31, 2015. It covered patients hospitalized for ascites in Internal Medicine Department at the Departmental University Hospital of Porto-Novo during the study period. Data were collected on a survey sheet and entered by Excel and analyzed with SPSS. The Chisquare test was used for statistical analysis and a significance threshold of 5% was retained. Results: Of the 511 hospitalized patients during the study period, 61 (11.9%) had ascites. The mean age was 49.6 ± 13.6 years with extremes of 19 years and 80 years. There was a male predominance with a sex ratio of 2.05. Ascites were often type III (34 patients, 55.7%), or type II (22 patients, 36.1%). The frequent signs were hepatomegaly (65.6%), splenomegaly (45.9%), pelvic limb edema (44.3%), and abdominal collateral venous circulation (39.3%). The macroscopic appearance of the ascites fluid was dominated by citrin yellow (82%), followed by hazy (11.5%). The hematic appearance was found in 6.5% of the cases. Hepatic cirrhosis was the most frequent etiology (34.4%) followed by overall heart failure (21.0%). Hepatocellular carcinoma was found in 16% of cases and nephrotic syndrome in 10% of cases. Conclusion: The etiological diversity of ascites, found in our study, imposes a careful clinical and paraclinical approach.

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Sehonou, J. , Wanvoegbe, F. , Kpossou, A. , Agbodande, K. , Dossou, J. , Attinsounon, A. , Alassani, A. , Azon-Kouanou, A. , Dovonou, A. , Zannou, M. and Houngbe, F. (2017) Clinical and Etiological Profile of Ascites in the Departmental University Hospital of Porto-Novo. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 7, 197-205. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2017.77021.

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