Journal of Modern Physics

Volume 8, Issue 6 (May 2017)

ISSN Print: 2153-1196   ISSN Online: 2153-120X

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Fundamental Concept of Interdiffusion Problems

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DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2017.86056    1,332 Downloads   1,777 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

In accordance with the definition of diffusivity, the origin of coordinate system of the original diffusion equation is set at a point in the solvent material. Kirkendall revealed that Cu atoms, Zn atoms and vacancies move simultaneously in the interdiffusion region. This indicates that the original diffusion equation is a moving coordinate system for the experimentation system outside the diffusion region. The diffusion region space which means vacancies and interstices among atoms plays an important role in the diffusion phenomena. The theoretical equation of the Kirkendall effect is reasonably obtained as a shift between coordinate systems of the diffusion equation. The situation is similar to the well-known Doppler effect in the wave equation. Boltzmann transformed the original diffusion equation of a binary system into the nonlinear ordinary differential equation in accordance with the parabolic law. In the previous works, the solutions of the diffusion equation transformed by Boltzmann were analytically obtained and we found that the well-known Darken equation is mathematically wrong. In the present study, we found that the so-called intrinsic diffusivity corresponds in appearance to the physical solution obtained previously. However, the intrinsic diffusivity itself conceived in the diffusion research history is essentially nonexistent.

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Okino, T. , Cho, H. and Yamada, K. (2017) Fundamental Concept of Interdiffusion Problems. Journal of Modern Physics, 8, 903-918. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2017.86056.

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