Open Journal of Ecology

Volume 7, Issue 5 (May 2017)

ISSN Print: 2162-1985   ISSN Online: 2162-1993

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Ecological Risk Assesment and Seasonal-Spatial Distribution of Trace Elements in the Surface Sediment of Trabzon Harbour, Turkey

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DOI: 10.4236/oje.2017.75025    980 Downloads   1,462 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

A seasonal-spatial distribution and ecological risk assesment of the surface sediment are provided for Trabzon Harbour, located in the Eastern Black Sea Region. Sediments were collected from three stations, one of which was a control station, and a total of nine heavy metals were analyzed. In the sediment samples, concentrations of iron (Fe: 57.972 ± 1.226 116.250 ± 0.554 μgg1 DW), copper (Cu: 5.790 ± 0.250 14.770 ± 0.270 μgg1 DW), cadmium (Cd: 0.070 ± 0.016 0.232 ± 0.005 μgg1 DW), lead (Pb: 55.100 ± 0.540 4.652 ± 0.066 μgg1 DW), chrome (Cr: 9.232 ± 0.046 28.640 ± 0.377 μgg1 DW), zinc (Zn: 4.592 ± 0.300 54.322 ± 0.437 μgg1 DW), arsenic (As: 2.702 ± 0.233 6.332 ± 0.186 μgg1 DW), manganese (Mn: 21.175 ± 0.374 41.465 ± 0.410 μgg1 DW), nickel (Ni: 9.272 ± 0.042 54.230 ± 0.158 μgg1 DW), total phosphorus (TP: 0.160 ± 0.003 0.250 ± 0.001 μgg1 DW), total nitrogen (TN: 0.111 ± 0.001 0.161 ± 0.001 μgg1 DW), organic matter (OM: 0.767 ± 0.010 1.750 ± 0,009 μgg1 DW), total organic carbon (TOC: 1.450 ± 0.001 4.407

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Kucuk, Y. and Topcu, A. (2017) Ecological Risk Assesment and Seasonal-Spatial Distribution of Trace Elements in the Surface Sediment of Trabzon Harbour, Turkey. Open Journal of Ecology, 7, 348-363. doi: 10.4236/oje.2017.75025.

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