Open Journal of Business and Management

Volume 5, Issue 2 (April 2017)

ISSN Print: 2329-3284   ISSN Online: 2329-3292

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.02  Citations  

The Cultural School of Strategic Formulation (Strategy Formulation Based on Social Interactions, Beliefs and Traditions)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2017.52029    1,552 Downloads   6,198 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The cultural school of strategy formulation is one of the 10 schools of thought identified by Henry Mintzberg et al. in their book Strategy Safari. The cultural school, having its roots in anthropology, focuses on social interaction based on beliefs and traditions shared by members of an enterprise. The foundation of the Cultural School is built on the idea that if you “hold power up to a mirror the reverse image you see is culture”. The main points of this model as outline in literature are: decision-making style, resistance to strategic change, overcoming the resistance to strategic change, dominant values, and culture clash. Although the model is limited in its conceptual vagueness and its ability to discourage necessary change, however, the culture school assumes a rich historical approach and introduces ideas of collectivism. Culture provides an effective and durable barrier to imitation and thereby enables organizations to enjoy competitive advantages. Toyota infused their company with culture and it is a foundational part of their business model (The Toyota Way).

Cite this paper

Opata, C. , Sarbah, A. , Nusenu, A. and Tetteh, S. (2017) The Cultural School of Strategic Formulation (Strategy Formulation Based on Social Interactions, Beliefs and Traditions). Open Journal of Business and Management, 5, 335-347. doi: 10.4236/ojbm.2017.52029.

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