Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Volume 7, Issue 2 (February 2017)

ISSN Print: 2160-8792   ISSN Online: 2160-8806

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.58  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Management of Women Infertility in Tropical Africa: The Experience of the Gynecology Department of University and Hospital Center of Treichville (Abidjan-Cote d’Ivoire)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.72025    1,333 Downloads   2,017 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aimed to clarify the etiology of women infertility and describe their management in our service with limited technical equipment. Methodology: We conducted a retrospective and descriptive study on 175 women treated for infertility and followed in the gynecology services of the university Hospital center of Treichville from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2014. Results: During the study, we recorded 12072 consultations in gynecology including 1582 (13.1%) cases of infertility, but only 175 cases were selected for this study. The patients had an average age of 31.3 years and an average socio-economic level in general (78.9%). The etiologies were found in 79.4% of patients, dominated by classical abnormalities: uterine (fibroids: 41.8%), hormonal, tubo peritoneal (5%). We also found some unusual pathologies related to cultural practices (female genital mutilation, caustic stenosis of the vagina). The surgery was performed in several patients, including myomectomy by laparotomy (46.6%), laparoscopy, hysteroscopy and vaginal surgeries. As to drug treatment, they were various combinations, and the ovarian stimulation practices (62.3%) and induction of ovulation (47.2%) were common. The result of this support has been marked by the occurrence of 74 pregnancies (42.3%), with the birth of healthy children in the majority of cases (95.9%). Conclusion: The management of infertile women was frequent and yielded encouraging results despite our limited technical equipment.

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Dia, J. , Bohoussou, E. , Nguessan, E. , Oyelade, M. , Guié, P. and Anongba, S. (2017) Management of Women Infertility in Tropical Africa: The Experience of the Gynecology Department of University and Hospital Center of Treichville (Abidjan-Cote d’Ivoire). Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 7, 235-244. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2017.72025.

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