Open Journal of Modern Hydrology

Volume 7, Issue 1 (January 2017)

ISSN Print: 2163-0461   ISSN Online: 2163-0496

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.85  Citations  

Estimation of the Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes by Reciprocal Analysis at an Arid and Semi-Arid Region

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2017.71003    1,503 Downloads   2,133 Views  Citations


Sensible and latent heat flux at semi-arid and arid region, i.e., evapotranspiration, has been researched for long time because it serves an important role for water resource issues. However, the issues have not solved completely yet. Accordingly, by applying the Bowen ratio concept on the soil surface, the sensible and latent heat fluxes are reciprocally estimated using single height temperature (Tz) and humidity (rehz) with the net radiation (Rn) and heat flux into the ground (G). The procedure proposed by authors initially estimates the soil surface temperature (Ts) and the relative humidity (rehs) using optimization techniques. The method is remarkably effective to expand for estimating evapotranspiration at various regions. The validity of the method is confirmed by the latent heat flux (lE) and sensible heat flux (H) observed by the eddy covariance method. The hourly change of the lE, H, Ts and rehs on the soil surface, yearly change of lE and H and relationship of estimated lE and H versus observed are clarified. Yearly change of evapotranspiration is also estimated. The analysis is performed by general method (1), conventional method and general method (2). Above results are very useful for water resources issue and irrigation planning. The research is conducted using hourly data at eight globally dispersed sites using FLUXNET.

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Maruyama, T. and Segawa, M. (2017) Estimation of the Sensible and Latent Heat Fluxes by Reciprocal Analysis at an Arid and Semi-Arid Region. Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, 7, 38-64. doi: 10.4236/ojmh.2017.71003.

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