American Journal of Plant Sciences

Volume 7, Issue 15 (November 2016)

ISSN Print: 2158-2742   ISSN Online: 2158-2750

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The Potentiality of Non Timber Forest Products. Fruit Availability, Phytochemical Properties of Rosa rubiginosa L. Rose Hips

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.715200    989 Downloads   1,423 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We evaluated fruit availability, phytochemical characteristics and mineral content of R. rubiginosa L. rose hips, at two experimental sites in San Luis province: Potrero de los Funes-El Volcán (PF-V) and Estancia Grande (EG). Plant density was 70 plants/ha (1 ha = 10,000 m2) in PF-V and 50 plants/ha in EG. Fruit availability (DF) in fresh fruits (FF) was 4.39 kg (PF-V) and 3.10 kg (EG) during March, and decreased during June. Ascorbic acid in FF increased during ripening period, peaking on late April, early May, and diminished 75% - 85% in dried fruits. Total soluble solids in FF ranged from 32.55 to 55.20 °Brix. Elements Ba, Ca, Fe, K, Zn and Cu, determined by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), were significant for human health. Dried fruits maintain a high level of ascorbic acid, a characteristic added to content of mineral elements, particularly calcium content, providing an important nutritional value to R. rubiginosa rose hips.

Cite this paper

U. Aguirre, G. , Loza, M. , Gasquez, J. , Fusco, M. , Sosa, A. , M. Ciuffo, G. and E. C. Ciuffo, L. (2016) The Potentiality of Non Timber Forest Products. Fruit Availability, Phytochemical Properties of Rosa rubiginosa L. Rose Hips. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 7, 2272-2287. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2016.715200.

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