World Journal of Mechanics

Volume 6, Issue 11 (November 2016)

ISSN Print: 2160-049X   ISSN Online: 2160-0503

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Higgs-Like Mechanism by Confinement of Quarks in a Chemical Non-Equilibrium Model

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DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2016.611031    1,435 Downloads   2,644 Views  Citations


A chemical non-equilibrium equation for binding of massless quarks to antiquarks, combined with the spatial correlations occurring in the condensation process, yields a density dependent form of the double-well potential in the electroweak theory. The Higgs boson acquires mass, valence quarks emerge and antiparticles become suppressed when the system relaxes and symmetry breaks down. The hitherto unknown dimensionless coupling parameter to the superconductor-like potential becomes a re-gulator of the quark-antiquark asymmetry. Only a small amount of quarks become “visible”—the valence quarks, which are 13% of the total sum of all quarks and antiquarks—suggesting that the quarks-antiquark pair components of the becoming quark-antiquark sea play the role of dark matter. When quark-masses are in-weighted, this number approaches the observed ratio between ordinary matter and the sum of ordinary and dark matter. The model also provides a chemical non-equilibrium explanation for the information loss in black holes, such as of baryon number.

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Matsson, L. (2016) Higgs-Like Mechanism by Confinement of Quarks in a Chemical Non-Equilibrium Model. World Journal of Mechanics, 6, 441-455. doi: 10.4236/wjm.2016.611031.

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