Open Journal of Nephrology

Volume 6, Issue 3 (September 2016)

ISSN Print: 2164-2842   ISSN Online: 2164-2869

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.42  Citations  

Prevention Strategies of Contrast Medium Induced Nephropathy (CIN): A Review of the Current Literature

HTML  XML Download Download as PDF (Size: 800KB)  PP. 98-110  
DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.63013    1,645 Downloads   3,258 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Contrast medium induced nephropathy is the third most common cause of renal failure for inpatients and represents the 10% of all acute kidney injury occurring during hospital-stay. It is associated with prolonged hospitalization, cost increase and, above all, an unfavourable short- and long-term prognosis. Here, the authors discuss about the contrast medium induced nephropathy prevention strategies, from the identification of patients at risk and drugs potentially nephrotoxic, to the hydration with possible administration of drugs that appeared to be, in some contexts, nephron-protective, and finally we analyze the radiological procedure aimed at the correct choice of type and administration modality of the contrast medium according to current literature.

Share and Cite:

Serafino, M. , Severino, R. , Scavone, C. , Gioioso, M. , Coppola, V. , Brigida, R. , Lisanti, F. , Rocca, R. and Scarano, E. (2016) Prevention Strategies of Contrast Medium Induced Nephropathy (CIN): A Review of the Current Literature. Open Journal of Nephrology, 6, 98-110. doi: 10.4236/ojneph.2016.63013.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.