Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry

Volume 6, Issue 2 (May 2016)

ISSN Print: 2165-6681   ISSN Online: 2165-6711

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.2  Citations  

The Phosphochlorinated Polymeric Sorbents for Sorption of Gold (III)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2016.62002    1,678 Downloads   2,258 Views  

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the simple methods to improve the sorptional capability of polymeric sorbent to gold (III) ions. The polymeric sorbents have been synthesized by a chemical modification of dithizone phosphorchlorinated PB. The structure and composition of functional polymers are studied by IR spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence analysis, the diffusion of optical spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric and elemental analysis. It found that the obtained sorbents had porous crosslinked structure and did not dissolve in any organic solvents, solutions of inorganic acids and alkalines. The sorption properties of the syntesized polymer sorbents onto gold (III) ion in aqueous solutions have been studied. It is found that the adsorption effect of gold makes 85% - 90% and the equilibrium sorption capacity of polymer sorbent is 137 mg/g in acidic media. In order to improve sorption efficiency of sorbents to gold ions, the non-covalent immobilization of organic sulfur containing compound to the polymer matrix was carried out. The gold embedded polymer matrix was characterized by SEM, EDX, XRD and visible absorption spectroscopy. The obtained results indicated that the polymeric sorbent contained metallic form of zero-valent gold. It was found that the average particle size of elemental gold crystals was 28.31 nm.

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A. Azizov, A. , I. Yaqubova, U. and I. Aliyev, M. (2016) The Phosphochlorinated Polymeric Sorbents for Sorption of Gold (III). Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, 6, 9-14. doi: 10.4236/ojpchem.2016.62002.

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