World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases

Volume 6, Issue 4 (April 2016)

ISSN Print: 2164-5329   ISSN Online: 2164-5337

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Effect of Acute Volume Loading on LV Function after Acute Cardiac Decentralization in Anesthetized Canines

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2016.64009    2,118 Downloads   2,443 Views  

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the role of cardiac nerves on homeometric autoregulation in anesthetized dogs during acute volume loading. Ventricular pressure-volume loops (conductance catheter method) were constructed during acute volume loading with intact cardiac nerves (ICN) and after cardiac decentralization (DCN; bilateral ablation of thoracic vagosympathetic complexes, stellate ganglia and anterior and posterior ansae subclavia). Arterial pressure increased as expected after volume loading but no significant changes were observed for heart rate and other hemodynamic parameters. Coronary sinus venous oxygen content was also higher regardless of nerve status in response to the overall increase in cardiac work. Pressure-volume catheter data showed markedly higher end-systolic volumes after volume loading under ICN and DCN conditions; stroke volume (mL/beat) and stroke work (mL/mm Hg) were not changed but LV ejection fraction was significantly lower. End-diastolic volume and cardiac output did not change. In addition, systemic vascular resistance and tau were higher with volume loading but no differences between ICN and DCN were observed. These findings show that acute volume loading produces an immediate influence on LV function independent of cardiac nerve status.

Cite this paper

Kingma, J. , Simard, D. and Rouleau, J. (2016) Effect of Acute Volume Loading on LV Function after Acute Cardiac Decentralization in Anesthetized Canines. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 6, 81-87. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2016.64009.

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