Stem Cell Discovery

Volume 6, Issue 1 (January 2016)

ISSN Print: 2161-6760   ISSN Online: 2161-6787

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.8  Citations  

Use of Cryopreserved Osteogenic Matrix Cell Sheets for Bone Reconstruction

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DOI: 10.4236/scd.2016.61002    3,369 Downloads   4,113 Views  Citations


Skeletal diseases, such as nonunion and osteonecrosis, are now treatable with tissue engineering techniques. Single cell sheets called osteogenic matrix cell sheets (OMCSs) grown from cultured bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells show high osteogenic potential; however, long preparation times currently limit their clinical application. Here, we report a cryopreservation OMCS transplantation method that shortens OMCS preparation time. Cryopreserved rat OMCSs were prepared using slow- and rapid-freezing methods, thawed, and subsequently injected scaffold-free into subcutaneous sites. Rapid- and slow-frozen OMCSs were also transplanted directly to the femur bone at sites of injury. Slow-freezing resulted in higher cell viability than rapid freezing, yet all two cryopreservation methods yielded OMCSs that survived and formed bone tissue. In the rapid- and slow-freezing groups, cortical gaps were repaired and bone continuity was observed within 6 weeks of OMCS transplantation. Moreover, while no significant difference was found in osteocalcin expression between the three experimental groups, the biomechanical strength of femurs treated with slow-frozen OMCSs was significantly greater than those of non-transplant at 6 weeks post-injury. Collectively, these data suggest that slow-frozen OMCSs have superior osteogenic potential and are better suited to produce a mineralized matrix and repair sites of bone injury.

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Kura, T. , Akahane, M. , Shimizu, T. , Uchihara, Y. , Tohma, Y. , Morita, Y. , Koizumi, M. , Kawate, K. and Tanaka, Y. (2016) Use of Cryopreserved Osteogenic Matrix Cell Sheets for Bone Reconstruction. Stem Cell Discovery, 6, 13-23. doi: 10.4236/scd.2016.61002.

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