Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science

Volume 5, Issue 4 (October 2015)

ISSN Print: 2160-0392   ISSN Online: 2160-0406

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.15  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Recycling of Cobalt by Liquid Leaching from Waste 18650-Type Lithium-Ion Batteries

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DOI: 10.4236/aces.2015.54043    4,617 Downloads   5,890 Views  Citations
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ABSTRACT

In this work, we recover cobalt from waste 18650-type lithiumion batteries by acid leaching. The cathode material is completely dissolved, after leaching waste batteries by using 10 mol/L industrial sulfuric acid at 70℃ for 1 h. The rate of cobalt leaching is nearly 100%. Removal of sodium carbonate, iron, aluminum and other impurities from the leaching solution was well performed by adjusting the pH to 2-3 with stirring vigorously. Finally, under the conditions of 55℃-60℃ of 240 A/m2 current density, electrodeposition current efficiency was 90.01%, the quality of the electrical output achieved cobalt 1A standard electrolytic cobalt, cobalt until greater than 90% yield. The process is easy and suitable for large-scale lithiumion batteries used in the recovery of valuable metals.

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Yu, L. , Shu, B. and Yao, S. (2015) Recycling of Cobalt by Liquid Leaching from Waste 18650-Type Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 5, 425-429. doi: 10.4236/aces.2015.54043.

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