Journal of Diabetes Mellitus

Volume 5, Issue 3 (August 2015)

ISSN Print: 2160-5831   ISSN Online: 2160-5858

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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus in the Adult Population of Porto-Novo (Benin)

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DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2015.53016    2,704 Downloads   3,737 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes mellitus in the adult population of Porto-Novo. Methods: A cross-sectional study with random sampling, stratified cluster, was used. Fasting blood glucose was measured in capillary blood (Accu-Chek Active). Diabetes mellitus was defined as fasting glucose ≥ 1.26 g/L, and fasting hyperglycemia in non-diabetic fasting glucose ≥ 1.10 and < 1.26 g/L. Results: The survey involved 240 individuals. The sex ratio was 0.48. The mean age was 46 ± 13 years (range 25 - 80 years). The prevalence of hyperglycemic patients was 7.9%. The prevalence of diabetes was 6.7%, including 3.3% of unknown diabetes, half of diabetics. The prevalence of fasting hyperglycemia without diabetes was 1.2%. The risk factors for diabetes type 2 onset were a family history of diabetes (p = 0.017), older age (p = 0.003), hypertension (p = 0.005) and abdominal obesity (NCEP: p = 0.044; FID: p = 0.001). Conclusion: These high figures confirm the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus in Benin, documented in many developing countries.

Cite this paper

Amoussou-Guenou, D. , Wanvoegbe, A. , Hermans, M. , Agbodande, A. , Boko, M. , Fandi, A. and Kerekou, A. (2015) Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus in the Adult Population of Porto-Novo (Benin). Journal of Diabetes Mellitus, 5, 135-140. doi: 10.4236/jdm.2015.53016.

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