Food and Nutrition Sciences

Volume 5, Issue 17 (September 2014)

ISSN Print: 2157-944X   ISSN Online: 2157-9458

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.04  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Amazonian Fruits: An Overview of Nutrients, Calories and Use in Metabolic Disorders

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.517182    4,235 Downloads   5,451 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Amazonian fruits are outstanding in quality. They are consumed as true delicacies of nature by the Brazilian population. Besides their attractive attributes, i.e. appearance, different textures and distinctive flavors, their nutritional value is diversified in the type of calories and the functional food ingredients. In addition to being very palatable, Amazonian fruits provide energy-rich macronutrients (lipids, proteins and carbohydrates), micronutrients (minerals, water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins), prebiotics (dietary fibers, especially pectin), bioactive substances (carotenoids and polyphenols), variety in the diet and improvement in the organoleptic properties and digestibility of (mixed) foods. This study first aimed to review concepts applicable to nutritional constituents and caloric contents of Amazonian fruits. It also attempted to clarify the potential use of these fruits in metabolic disorders (i.e. diabetes mellitus and/or obesity). To fulfill these purposes, 12 fruits were chosen for their dietetic significance in the Brazilian Amazonia.

Cite this paper

de Andrade Jr., M.C. and Andrade, J.S.(2014) Amazonian Fruits: An Overview of Nutrients, Calories and Use in Metabolic Disorders. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5, 1692-1703. doi: 10.4236/fns.2014.517182.

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