Surgical Science

Volume 2, Issue 3 (May 2011)

ISSN Print: 2157-9407   ISSN Online: 2157-9415

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Self-Expanding Metal Stenting for Malignant Colonic Tumours: A Prospective Study

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DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.23032    4,088 Downloads   7,118 Views  Citations




Background: Self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) have been used in the management of malignant colorectal obstruction for palliation or as a bridging tool to single-stage surgery. We present the clinical results of a series of patients with colonic cancer in whom SEMS were inserted endoscopically under radiological guidance. Methods: Between September 2007 and January 2010, prospectively collected data from 21 patients who underwent SEMS insertion was analysed. This data includes demographics, indication for stenting, stent size, technical success, clinical success, complications, survival and duration of hospitalisation. Results: 14 male and 7 female patients with malignant colonic obstruction underwent SEMS insertion: 19 requiring palliation and 2 bridging to surgery. The rate of technical success was 100% and of initial clinical success was 100%. In 16/19 (84.2%) of the palliation group, clinical success was maintained at mean follow up of 3.4 months (1-6 months), while 3/19 (15.8%) died, two with functioning stents and one with stent occlusion. The two patients with operable tumours were successfully bridged to one-stage elective surgery at 1 month and 4 months following stenting. Post-procedure complications occurred in 5 patients: 1 perforation, 2 pain, 1 migration and 1 stent occlusion. All patients were discharged alive and the median hospital stay was 1 day (range: 1 to 13 days). Conclusion: SEMS provides an effective and safe option in the palliation of malignant colorectal obstruction. In operable patients, it provides a useful option to avoid colostomy, by facilitating safer single-stage surgery. In this prospective study of SEMS insertion, high rates of technical and initial clinical success were achieved. This could be attributed to performing the procedure under combined endoscopic and radiological guidance.

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W. Al-Jundi, S. Kadam, I. Giagtzidis, F. Ashouri, K. Chandarana, M. Downes and A. Khushal, "Self-Expanding Metal Stenting for Malignant Colonic Tumours: A Prospective Study," Surgical Science, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 151-154. doi: 10.4236/ss.2011.23032.

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