World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases

Volume 4, Issue 4 (April 2014)

ISSN Print: 2164-5329   ISSN Online: 2164-5337

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.46  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Aortic Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm Isolation by Radiofrequency Ablation in Outflow Tract Ventricular Tachycardia

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.44019    3,331 Downloads   4,557 Views  

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic monomorphic ventricular tachycardia and premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) commonly arise from the right and left ventricular outflow tracts (VOT). Their mechanism is most commonly triggered activity from delayed after-depolarizations and successful ablation is performed at the site of earliest endocardial activation. Re-entrant mechanisms have been rarely described. We report a case of an otherwise healthy patient who ultimately underwent six electro-physiology studies (EPS) and suffered numerous implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) discharges prior to the successful radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of two idiopathic VOT tachycardias. During the sixth EPS, a proximal aortogram demonstrated a left aortic sinus of valsalva (LASV) aneurysm. Subsequntly, a novel and successful RFA strategy of aneurysm isolation was undertaken. The presence of multiple clinical or inducible VT morphologies and the characterization of a VT as re-entrant should raise concerns that a complex arrhythmogenic substrate is present and defining the anatomy with angiography or an alternative imaging modality is essential in achieving a successful ablation strategy.

Cite this paper

Olson, N. , Ferreira, S. , Mikolajczak, P. and Mehdirad, A. (2014) Aortic Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm Isolation by Radiofrequency Ablation in Outflow Tract Ventricular Tachycardia. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 4, 131-137. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.44019.

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