Smart Grid and Renewable Energy

Volume 4, Issue 6 (September 2013)

ISSN Print: 2151-481X   ISSN Online: 2151-4844

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.18  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Security Regulations in Mexican Renewable Energies: Case of Geothermal Projects

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DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.46A003    30,588 Downloads   38,613 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A review of natural resources existing in México is done. The description of the renewable energies for electricity generation operating at date along the country, includes hydro, wind, solar, biomass and geothermal, among others. The installed capacity (to 2012) in México for electric generation from renewable energies is equivalent to 22% of total generation capacity. México has geothermal resources, which can be classified as high and low enthalpy, and of hot dry rock. To date, the exploitation has focused mainly on high enthalpy geothermal fields. Geothermal power plants do not burn fuel, preventing gas emissions helping to reduce global warming and greenhouse effect. Security risks in México geothermal fields, as a part of renewable energies linked to Smart Grids, are described emphasizing their geographical locations to facilitate the exposure to dangerous events. The results about research on Mexican Official Norms protecting environment related with geothermal operation projects are shown. The Mexican geothermal projects have developed under rules that provide security to workers and people, avoiding impacts on the environment. However, it was found that it necessarily emphasized previsions to damages and remedial actions for grids due to risks by natural contingencies (cyclones, winds, earthquakes) and by artificial causes such as vandalism (grids breaking, fire, explosions, etc.). Unfortunately, there are no preventive norms against natural risks. After all the analyses carried out, security must be considered by nature a dynamic and ever-changing process.

Cite this paper

A. Aragón-Aguilar, G. Izquierdo-Montalvo and V. Arellano-Gómez, "Security Regulations in Mexican Renewable Energies: Case of Geothermal Projects," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 4 No. 6A, 2013, pp. 21-31. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2013.46A003.

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[1] Stored Heat Evaluation in Geothermal Systems: A Case of a Mexican Field
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, 2015

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