Advances in Biological Chemistry

Volume 3, Issue 3 (June 2013)

ISSN Print: 2162-2183   ISSN Online: 2162-2191

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Phosphoinositide and phospholipid phosphorylation and hydrolysis pathways
—Organophosphate and organochlorine pesticides effects

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DOI: 10.4236/abc.2013.33A004    4,080 Downloads   6,644 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Phospholipid and phosphoinositide phosphorylation pathways have been shown to be of crucial importance on producing lipid mediators. The earlier findings reported on lipid molecules playing roles in different metabolic pathways used to assign them the exclusive role of second messenger generators. Several researchers have recently described how direct interaction of phospholipids and phosphoinositides with molecules or organelles, without the need for producing second messenger molecules, is responsible for their mechanism of action. Organophosphate and organochlorine pesticide toxicity mechanisms have been extensively studied in relation to their well known effects on cholinesterase activities and on the alterations of electric activity in the nervous system of different organisms respectively. There is little but consistent evidence that some compounds, including in both groups of pesticides, are also able to interact with phospholipid and phosphoinositide phosphorylation pathways in several organisms and tissues. The present review consists of an actualization of basic research on phospholipid and phosphoinositide phosphorylation and hydrolysis pathways, as well as a description of some reported evidences for the effects of the above mentioned pesticides on them.

Cite this paper

Fonovich, T. and Magnarelli, G. (2013) Phosphoinositide and phospholipid phosphorylation and hydrolysis pathways
—Organophosphate and organochlorine pesticides effects
. Advances in Biological Chemistry, 3, 22-35. doi: 10.4236/abc.2013.33A004.

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