Volume 4, Issue 12 (December 2012)

ISSN Print: 1947-3931   ISSN Online: 1947-394X

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.65  Citations  

Design Considerations for Pile Groups Supporting Marine Structures with Respect to Scour

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DOI: 10.4236/eng.2012.412106    9,435 Downloads   13,428 Views  Citations


Piles supporting marine structures such as jetties, relieving platforms, quay walls and fixed offshore structures are subjected to lateral loads due to berthing and mooring forces, wind, waves, storm surges and current forces. This paper presents some factors that affect the design of pile groups supporting marine structures founded in cohesionless soils. Some main aspects that should be considered in the pile group design are addressed such as pile batter angle, pile group arrangement, pile spacing, pile slenderness ratio and magnitude of lateral static loading. Numerical analyses were conducted to investigate these design aspects with and without impact of scour. Different scour depths were considered to cover the possible root causes of scour around pile groups such as waves, current and ship propeller jets. The study revealed that scour has greater impact on lateral loading of pile groups compared to its impact on single piles. Pile groups with side-by-side arrangement exposed to scour are more critical than single piles and piles groups with tandem arrangement due to the combined effect of scour and pile-soil-pile interaction. It is also concluded that scour protection is not always required. More attention and considerations should be given to scour protection around piles especially if the piles are closely spaced, arranged side-by-side and if slenderness ratio is less than 12.5.

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Y. Mostafa, "Design Considerations for Pile Groups Supporting Marine Structures with Respect to Scour," Engineering, Vol. 4 No. 12, 2012, pp. 833-842. doi: 10.4236/eng.2012.412106.

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