Engineering

Volume 2, Issue 8 (August 2010)

ISSN Print: 1947-3931   ISSN Online: 1947-394X

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Behaviour of a Composite Concrete-Trapezoidal Steel Plate Slab in Fire

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DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.28076    5,652 Downloads   10,736 Views  Citations

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ABSTRACT

The present paper investigates fire resistance of a simply-supported composite concrete-trapezoidal steel sheet slab. The objective is to find out if a steel sheet, as a moisture diffusion barrier, may substantially effect the hydro-thermal situation in the concrete part of the cross-section. The numerical integration of the equations of a coupled hygro-thermal boundary-value problem (Tenchev, R.T., Li, L.Y. and Purkiss, J.A. (2001) Num. Heat Transfer Part A, 39(7), 685-710), with and without considering the barrier, shows that the barrier does not really effect the magnitude and the development of temperatures over the cross-section, while there is a significant effect on the pattern of moisture transport and the magnitude of vapour pressure. Particularly high magnitudes of vapour pressure (about 4.5 MPa) were shown in cases where the steel sheet was considered in analyses, which indicates a possible micro damage of concrete in the web of the section, although spalling probably cannot take place due to the steel sheet cover. As the typical composite slab investigated here is not sufficiently fire resistant without any additional reinforcement bars placed in the web, further in-vestigations are directed to finding an optimal position and area of these bars. Following a simplified procedure given in EC2 (Eurocode 2, Design of Concrete Structures, Part 1.2 (2004) Structural fire design, European Committee for Standardization) and assuming that the present composite slab is subject to the uniform traction , yields that placing one bar with the area 1.153 cm2 4 cm away from the edge suffices for the 60 min fire resistance of the slab.

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T. Hozjan, M. Saje, I. Planinc, S. Srpčič and S. Bratina, "Behaviour of a Composite Concrete-Trapezoidal Steel Plate Slab in Fire," Engineering, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2010, pp. 594-601. doi: 10.4236/eng.2010.28076.

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