Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases

Volume 2, Issue 4 (November 2012)

ISSN Print: 2165-7424   ISSN Online: 2165-7432

Google-based Impact Factor: 1  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Prevalence and Correlates of Dyslipidemia among Adults in Saudi Arabia: Results from a National Survey

HTML  Download Download as PDF (Size: 167KB)  PP. 89-97  
DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2012.24014    6,779 Downloads   15,298 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Data were collected and analyzed from a cross-sectional study using the World Health Organization’s STEPwise approach, to estimate the prevalence of various types of dyslipidemia and determine their associated factors among adults in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study population included 4490 Saudi adults aged 15 years and older who were selected by a stratified, multistage, cluster random sampling technique. Lipid profile was determined by spectrophotometrically by biochemical methods, high total cholesterol (TC) was defined as TC of 5.2 mmol/L or more, hypertriglyceridemia as serum triglycerides level 1.7 mmol/L or more and. low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) as serum HDL-C 0.9 mmol/L or less, LDL-C 3.35 mmol/L or more and TC/HDL ratio 5 or more. Of the 4490 subjects (94.4 % of total sample) included in the final analysis, 51% were females, 23% of study subjects were less than 25years and 11% were 55 or more years of age. The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia ranged from about 20% to 40%. The highest prevalence was for triglycerides where about 44% of all subjects were affected. About a fifth of the subjects had high level of total cholesterol. Males had significantly higher prevalence of all types of dyslipidemia than female except LDL-C and TC. Higher dyslipidemia prevalence of total cholesterol and triglycerides were significantly found in older subjects, illiterates and housekeepers. Lower prevalence rates for HDL-C was significantly observed in retired and youngest subjects. There were significant regional variations and significantly higher prevalence of dyslipidemia among hypertensives, diabetics, obese/overweight, smokers and physically inactive subjects. There were no significant differences according to income or fruits and vegetable consumption. Logistic regression analysis revealed that obesity/overweight, gender, age, diabetes were the most important significant predictors of dyslipidemia. The findings of this study suggest that the prevalence of dyslipidemia is high in Saudi Arabia. Multisectorial intervention strategies are needed targeting the predictors and significant risk factors identified.

Share and Cite:

A. F. Al-Kaabba, N. A. Al-Hamdan, A. El Tahir, A. M. Abdalla, A. A. Saeed and M. A. Hamza, "Prevalence and Correlates of Dyslipidemia among Adults in Saudi Arabia: Results from a National Survey," Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 89-97. doi: 10.4236/ojemd.2012.24014.

Cited by

[1] The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DMT2) in a Semi-Urban Saudi Population
2020
[2] Withaferin-A down-regulate enterohepatic circulation of bile acids: An insight from a hyperlipidemic rat model
2020
[3] The Association between Dyslipidemia, Dietary Habits and Other Lifestyle Indicators among Non-Diabetic Attendees of Primary Health Care Centers in Jeddah, Saudi …
2020
[4] Prognostic Significance of Glycosylated Hemoglobin Level in Prediabetic and Newly Diagnosed Diabetic Patients with Acute Coronary syndrome: A Multi-Ethnic …
2020
[5] Adherence to Statin Therapy and Attainment of LDL Cholesterol Goal Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Dyslipidemia
2019
[6] The prevalence of dyslipidemia in obese patients
2019
[7] Prevalence of dyslipidemia among students of a Yemeni University
2019
[8] Adherence to Lipid Lowering Drugs and Level of
2019
[9] Awareness among the general population about lipid profile screening in individuals over 20 years old in Alriyadh, Saudi Arabia
2019
[10] Adherence to Lipid Lowering Drugs and Level of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes, King Fahd Hospital, Al Khobar …
2019
[11] Metabolic syndrome and its socio demographic and behavioral correlates: a cross sectional study among adult patients attending medicine outpatient …
2019
[12] Association between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and the lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a tertiary care hospital: a retrospective study
2019
[13] Prediabetes management in the Middle East, Africa and Russia: Current status and call for action
2019
[14] Prevalence and Determinants of Dyslipidemia: Data from a Saudi University Clinic
2018
[15] FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN DISLIPIDEMIA PADA LANSIA (Studi Kasus Kontrol Pada Lansia di Poli Lansia RSUD. Bangkinang Kabupaten Kampar Tahun 2016 …
2018
[16] Prevalence of diabetic comorbidities and knowledge and practices of foot care among diabetic patients: a cross-sectional study
Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity: targets and therapy, 2018
[17] Prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia among male industrial workers in India
2018
[18] Association of Central Obesity and Waist/Hip Circumference With Dislipidemia
2018
[19] Risk Factors of Dyslipidemia among Saudi Population, 2017
The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 2018
[20] A study of the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disorders among patients registered with the primary health centres in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia
Australasian Medical Journal (Online), 2018
[21] Assessment of Knowledge and Barriers That Encounter Primary Health Care Physicians in The Diagnosis and Management of Dyslipidemia in The Primary Health Care Centers of Ministry of Health, Jeddah
2018
[22] Prevalence of overweight and obesity based on the body mass index; a cross-sectional study in Alkharj, Saudi Arabia
2018
[23] The Epidemiology and Economic Burden of Obesity and Related Cardiometabolic Disorders in the United Arab Emirates: A Systematic Review and Qualitative …
2018
[24] A study of the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disorders among patients registered with the primary health centres in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.
2018
[25] Chronic hepatitis C treatment: A systematic review
2017
[26] Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Obese Patients in Saudi Arabia
2017
[27] Association of Body Mass Index with Dyslipidemia among the Government Staff of Kermanshah, Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study
2017
[28] Prevalence of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease among Patients Presented in Cardiology Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital and Oncology Center–Jeddah
2017
[29] Dyslipidemia and Associated Risk Factors among Health Sciences University Students
2017
[30] Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and The Associated Factors Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients in Turbo Sub-County, Kenya
Journal of Endocrinology and Diabetes, 2017
[31] Dyslipidemia and Related Risk Factors in a Saudi University Community
2017
[32] Pattern and predictors of glycemic control among type 2 diabetics in Armed Forces Hospital of Jizan, southwestern Saudi Arabia
MIDDLE EAST JOURNAL OF FAMILY MEDICINE, 2017
[33] Antioxidant activity and in-vitro Potential inhibition of Nigella sativa and Saussurea lappa against LDL oxidation among Sundance
E3 Journal of Medical Research, 2017
[34] Cardiovascular Risk Factor Burden in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): The Africa Middle East (AfME) Cardiovascular Epidemiological (ACE) Study Sub-analysis
International Cardiovascular Forum Journal, 2017
[35] Prevalence of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease among Patients Presented in Cardiology Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital and Oncology Center-Jeddah.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 2017
[36] Proportions of major comorbid medical conditions among psoriasis patients in a tertiary hospital, Riyadh
2017
[37] Oligonol Supplementation Decreases Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in a Sample of Overweight and Obese Saudi …
2017
[38] International Cardiovascular Forum Journal. 2017; 11: 6-12 DOI: 10.17987/icfj. v11i0. 414 Corresponding author. E-mail: gaRadaideh@ dha. gov. ae ISSN …
2017
[39] Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Obese Patients in Saudi Arabia.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine, 2017
[40] Women in Saudi Arabia and the Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Systematic Review
Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2016
[41] Caracterización del perfil lipídico, índice de masa corporal y nivel de glucosa en afiliados del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social (IESS) Riobamba, 2014, como parámetros indicadores de su estado de salud
Qualitas, 2016
[42] Prevalence of lipid abnormalities in Poland. The NATPOL 2011 survey.
Kardiologia polska, 2016
[43] The Prevalence of Diabetes and Prediabetes in the Adult Population of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia-A Community-Based Survey
PloS one, 2016
[44] Prevalencia de dislipidemia y factores asociados en la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador
SÍNDROME CARDIOMETABÓLICO, 2016
[45] Prevalence of dyslipidemia and its associated factors among employees of primary health care centers, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2016
[46] From the SelectedWorks of Patricio Yánez
2016
[47] STUDIES ON LEPTIN AND MC4R GENE IN OBESE POPULATION OF SOUTH WESTERN PROVINCE OF SAUDI ARABIA
International Journal of Bio-Technology and Research, 2016
[48] Screening for dyslipidem ia am ong Saudi adults attending a prim ary health care center in Saudi A rabia
KKU Journal of Medical Sciences, 2016
[49] Journal Homepage:-www. journalijar. com
2016
[50] Caracterización del perfil lipídico, índice de masa corporal y nivel de glucosa en afiliados del Instituto Ecuatoriano de Seguridad Social (IESS) Riobamba, 2014 …
2016
[51] Screening for dyslipdemia among Saudi adults attending a primary health care in Saudi Arabia
2016
[52] Hyperlipidemia in rheumatoid arthritis patients in Saudi Arabia: Correlation with C-reactive protein levels and disease activity
Saudi medical journal, 2015
[53] Dietary gender differences in terms of the risk of atherogenesis in Poland
Acta Sci. Pol. Technol. Aliment, 2015
[54] Effect of essential oil of traditional two Saudi mint types and its possible role in cardiovascular and throat health
International journal of clinical and experimental medicine, 2015
[55] Prevalencia de dislipidemia y factores asociados en la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador/Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and associated factors in the city of Cuenca, Ecuador
Sindrome Cardiometabólico, 2014
[56] Dietary Factors and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Urban Saudi Adults
2014
[57] Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among employees at a saudi university.
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP, 2014
[58] Cardiovascular Risk Factor Burden in Africa and the Middle East: The Africa Middle East Cardiovascular Epidemiological (ACE) Study
PloS one, 2014
[59] Primary Prevention with Statins in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Saudi Arabian Perspective
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, 2014
[60] Factors Affecting the Development of Dyslipidemia among Overweight and Obese Adult Females
Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2014
[61] Familial hypercholesterolemia mutations in the Middle Eastern and North African region: A need for a national registry
Journal of Clinical Lipidology, 2014
[62] Prevalence of Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease among Patients Presented in Cardiology Clinic at King Abdul-Aziz Hospital and Oncology Center …
2014

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.