World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

Volume 11, Issue 1 (January 2021)

ISSN Print: 2164-3202   ISSN Online: 2164-3210

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.19  Citations  

Cirrhotic Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Why Not to Develop a More Specific Heart-Liver Score?

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2021.111001    49 Downloads   138 Views  

ABSTRACT

Despite not included in the traditional risk scores before surgery, liver cirrhosis, especially in advanced stages, has always influenced strongly final outcome both on short and midterm in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Growing incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease interlinked with metabolic syndrome and significant advancements in medical therapy have actually increased the likelihood of cardiac surgery in cirrhotic patients. To date, Child-Pugh and MELD scores have been commonly used to predict mortality and postoperative hepatic decompensation, but on the other hand, both traditional risk scores show some limitations for evaluation of hepatopathic patients undergoing specifically cardiac surgery. In this context, a specific Heart-Liver score hasn’t been developed yet in the attempt to outline a patient profile able to face surgery, therefore addressing us to adopt the best strategy possible for each case. If CP class A or low MELD score (<11) patients tolerate cardiac surgery with a mild increase in mortality and morbidity, currently state of art recommends particular caution towards surgery idea in presence of advanced hepatic disease. As far as cardiac surgery represents the unique therapeutic strategy in several life-threatening cases, anyway surgical correction of cardiac pathology won’t guarantee an increased life expectancy in accordance with the persistent liver dysfunction. Hereby, this paper will focus on preoperative parameters that should be considered in the future realization of a Heart-Liver prognostic score for overcoming limitations and difficulties related to the impact of liver disease on final clinical outcome.

Cite this paper

Morgante, A. (2021) Cirrhotic Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: Why Not to Develop a More Specific Heart-Liver Score?. World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 11, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/wjcs.2021.111001.

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