Advances in Reproductive Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 4 (November 2020)

ISSN Print: 2330-0744   ISSN Online: 2330-0752

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.86  Citations  

Effectiveness of Task Sharing and Task Shifting on the Uptake of Family Planning in Kenya

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DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2020.84018    68 Downloads   199 Views  

ABSTRACT

Background: Contraception is an inexpensive and cost-effective intervention, but health workforce shortages and restrictive policies on the roles of mid and lower-level cadres limit access to effective contraceptive methods in many settings. Task sharing and task shifting are strategies that can be adopted to increase uptake of health services including family planning. Methods: We collected data through online survey, key informant interviews and focused grouped discussions with an intervention group and that implemented the task sharing and task shifting policy guidelines and a control group that did not implement the policy. A total of 434 questionnaires were filled by health workers’ in primary health care facilities to assess effectiveness of task sharing and task shifting on the uptake of family planning services including its strengths and challenges. The questionnaire was designed with the aim of getting data on services provided by the cadres on effectiveness (number of clients, increase in use of methods, access to services), how they perceive these tasks, the bottlenecks and facilitating factors associated with the practice of task sharing and task shifting. Results: We found out that the task sharing and task shifting can expand and increase access to services as stated by 95% of the respondents. Most community health workers provided more of the family planning services at 45% with only 5% of the services of family planning being provided by medical officers. 98% of family planning services were integrated with other services. Task shifting was beneficial to the health care providers as well as the clients and the success of task sharing and task shifting depended on training, supportive supervision and a regulated environment through policies. Conclusion: The study shows that formalized task sharing and task shifting can increase health service uptake especially when community health workers are involved to provide services in the community. This leads to increased service provision, equivalent health professional performance across cadres and patient outcomes in the provision of family planning services.

Cite this paper

Ouedraogo, L. , Mollent, O. and Joel, G. (2020) Effectiveness of Task Sharing and Task Shifting on the Uptake of Family Planning in Kenya. Advances in Reproductive Sciences, 8, 209-220. doi: 10.4236/arsci.2020.84018.

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