Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems

Volume 10, Issue 3 (September 2020)

ISSN Print: 2165-400X   ISSN Online: 2165-4018

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.10  Citations  

Development of the Bioenergy as a Part of Renewable Energy in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Analysis

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DOI: 10.4236/jsbs.2020.103008    275 Downloads   972 Views  Citations


A comparative assessment of the bioenergy and renewable energy situation in the Nordic countries, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway, was conducted in this study. What factors have contributed to the current high use of renewable energy and especially bioenergy in the Nordic countries? What are the sources of renewable energy and where renewable energy is being used? The development of renewable energy use is described by time series and compared to the overall development of the EU. All of the Nordic countries have high renewable energy consumption and have already met the target for gross final energy consumption according to the Europe 2020 strategy while the EU is behind the 20% target. In total, 53.1 Mtoe renewable energy was used in the Nordic countries in 2018, which was 51% of the final energy consumption, 103.3 Mtoe. Bioenergy accounts for approximately half of renewable energy, 25.8 Mtoe, and is anticipated to develop further. Especially in Norway and Sweden the share of renewable energy was high (73% and 55%) compared to Finland and Denmark (41% and 36%). Norway is famous for hydropower (81% share of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in 2018) and Denmark for wind power production (20%), while Finland utilizes a lot of biomass for co-generation and heating (79%), followed by Denmark (64%) and Sweden (55%) in 2018. At EU level, bioenergy plays even a higher role than in Nordic countries in renewable energy production (56%) in 2017 and is anticipated to continue to grow in all end-use sectors such as heating and cooling, electricity generation and transport, in the 2020s.

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Ranta, T. , Laihanen, M. and Karhunen, A. (2020) Development of the Bioenergy as a Part of Renewable Energy in the Nordic Countries: A Comparative Analysis. Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, 10, 92-112. doi: 10.4236/jsbs.2020.103008.

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