Advances in Microbiology

Volume 10, Issue 8 (August 2020)

ISSN Print: 2165-3402   ISSN Online: 2165-3410

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.28  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Biotechnological Potential of Carotenoids Produced by Extremophilic Microorganisms and Application Prospects for the Cosmetics Industry

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DOI: 10.4236/aim.2020.108029    199 Downloads   664 Views  

ABSTRACT

Carotenoids are isoprenoid pigments used in food, chemical, textile, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. They act not only as dyes and provitamins A but also have antioxidants, photoprotective, antimicrobial properties, among others. This class of pigment can be obtained traditionally by plants or chemical synthesis, but they have some disadvantages. In recent years, search for alternative sources has been an important strategy for the carotenoid industries. Microbial synthesis is an alternative that has shown good yields, speed, and reduced production costs. Hostile environments, such as the Caatinga domain, represent an interesting source of microorganisms that produce biomolecules, especially carotenoids, because of oxidative stress caused by sunlight. Thus, this region has been attracting the attention of the scientific community and industry for the use of these organisms in the production of carotenoids and applications in cosmetic products; since these compounds have interesting antioxidant and photoprotective properties. In this review, general characteristics of carotenoids, sources of production, industrial applicability, and commercialization will be discussed, as well as perspectives on the production of carotenoids from microorganisms isolated from the Caatinga and their application in anti-UV products.


Cite this paper

Mendes-Silva, T. , Andrade, R. , Ootani, M. , Mendes, P. , Sá, R. , Silva, M. , Souza, K. , Correia, M. , Silva, M. and Oliveira, M. (2020) Biotechnological Potential of Carotenoids Produced by Extremophilic Microorganisms and Application Prospects for the Cosmetics Industry. Advances in Microbiology, 10, 397-410. doi: 10.4236/aim.2020.108029.

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