Fish wastes are the discarded parts include the
internal organs, viscera, bones, trimmings, tails, fins and skin of fishes.
These discarded portions while disposing of cause major environmental damage.
Usually, the discarded parts of fishes are ground into fishmeal for livestock
and aquaculture feed. This study was undertaken to explore biodiesel production
based on the fatty acids composition. The fish waste sample was collected from
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah fish market. The sample was drained for excess water and
oven-dried at 55°C - 60°C for complete dryness. Crude oils were
extracted in petroleum ether in Soxhlet extraction method. Methylation of the
extracted crude fish oil was carried out to yield fatty acid methyl esters
(FAME). The FAME was analyzed by GCMS system and the reference to NIST library
was used to identify the fatty acids present in the FAME. A total of 21 fatty
acids were identified that composed of 53.53% saturated fatty acids (SFA),
22.1% monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and 24.37% polyunsaturated fatty acids
(PUFA). The important fatty acids [myristic acid (C14:0), palmitic acid
(C16:0), palmitoleic acid (C16:1), oleic acid (C18:1), linoleic acid (C18:2),
linolenic acid (C18:3), docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5) and docosahexaenoic acid
(C22:6)] found in fish oil indicated the
potentiality of biodiesel production if fish waste was stocked. The
highest percentage of SFA causes higher viscosity, cetane number and density
and hence these properties of biodiesel produced from the fish waste are
expected to be high. Therefore, the fish waste has high potential of fatty acid
in FAME to produce biodiesel through transesterification process.