Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia of the Breast: Management of a Clinical Case at the IBN SINA Hospital Centre with Literature Review

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2019.98112    808 Downloads   1,919 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report a case of difficulties in the management of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH). Presentation of the case: Mrs. G, 50 years old, is consulting following the discovery at autopalpation of a lesion on her left breast. In its history: radical mastectomy Right Patey in 2004 for ductal carcinoma Infiltrant associated with carcinoma in situ; 2 N+ /14; Positive hormone receptors. Adjuvant treatment performed: chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. Summary of the clinical case: Left breast examination: Superior External Quadrant nodule 5 cm × 4, mobile, hard, without inflammatory signs, there is no palpable lymph node. The surgical scar of the right breast is without particularity. Mammography and left breast ultrasound show an ACR4 lesion according to BIRADS. Microbiopsy: intradural papillomatous lesion requiring verification of the myoepithelial layer (P63 and CK5/6). Immunohistochemistry: atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) with no sign of transformation. Normal CA15-3 dosage. Treatment: broad surgical removal of the lesion. Analysis of the part shows a lesion with all the criteria of an HCA measuring 2 mm in its largest axis. The postoperative consequences are simple. Conclusion: The management of atypical hyperplasia is not consensual and is often undervalued. The type of lesion characterizing HCA is decisive for therapeutic orientation.

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M’bongo, J. , Alami, Y. , Meukem, W. , Ananas, S. , Tijami, F. , Zaki, H. and Hafid, H. (2019) Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia of the Breast: Management of a Clinical Case at the IBN SINA Hospital Centre with Literature Review. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 9, 1161-1167. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2019.98112.

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