Bio-Diesel from Mustard Oil: A Renewable Alternative Fuel for Small Diesel Engines
Zannatul Moiet Hasib, Jomir Hossain, Saikat Biswas, Asif Islam
DOI: 10.4236/mme.2011.12010   PDF    HTML     10,898 Downloads   25,223 Views   Citations


This paper represents the prospect of mustard oil as a renewable and alternative fuel. To cope up with present load-shedding situation and to reduce the dependency on imported fuel, Bangladesh government is encour- aging the use of renewable energy sources. Since diesel engines have versatile uses including small irrigation pumping systems, and standby small electricity generators, use of diesel fuel is much higher than any other gasoline fuels. In Bangladesh mustard oil has been in use as edible oil throughout the country. Mustard is a widely growing plant in Bangladesh and every year the production of mustard seed exceeds the demand. So the endeavor was to use the surplus mustard oil as an alternative to diesel fuel. Fuel properties are determined in the fuel testing laboratory with standard procedure. An experimental set-up is then made to study the performance of a small diesel engine in the heat engine laboratory using different blends of bio-diesel converted from mustard oil. It is found that bio-diesel has slightly different properties than diesel fuel. It is also observed that with bio-diesel, the engine is capable of running without difficulty but with a deviation from its optimum performance. Initially different blends of bio-diesel (i.e. B20, B30, B50 etc,) have been used to avoid complicated modification of the engine or the fuel supply system. Finally, a comparison of engine performance for different blends of bio-diesel has been carried out to determine the optimum blend for different operating conditions.

Share and Cite:

Z. Hasib, J. Hossain, S. Biswas and A. Islam, "Bio-Diesel from Mustard Oil: A Renewable Alternative Fuel for Small Diesel Engines," Modern Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2011, pp. 77-83. doi: 10.4236/mme.2011.12010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] A. Srivasata and R. Prasad, “Triglyceride based diesel Fuels,” Renewable and sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2000, pp. 111-133. doi:10.1016/S1364-0321(99)00013-1
[2] A. Forhad, A. R. Rowshan, M. A. Habib and M. A. Islam, “Production and Performance of Biodiesel as an Alterna- tive to Diesel,” International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, London, 1-3 July 2009.
[3] Y. Yosimoto, M. Onodera and H. Tamaki, “Production and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fuelled by Vegetable Oils,” The Society of Automotive Engineers, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2001.
[4] J. Otera, “Transestrification,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 93, No. 4, 1993, pp. 1449-1470. doi:10.1021/cr00020a004
[5] B. Freedom, E. H. Pyre and T. L. Mounts, “Variable Affecting the Yield of Fatty Asters from Transesterification Vegetable Oils,” Journal of the American oil Chemists’ Society, Vol. 61, No. 10, 1984, pp. 1638-1643
[6] R. Da Tech, “Single StageBase Recipes”, 2010.
[7] Z. M. Hasib, K. A. Rahman and Md. S. Alam, “Prospect of Bio Diesel Production from Mustard Oil,” Bachelor of Science in Engineering Project and Thesis, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, 2010
[8] E. Ahn, M. Koncar, M. Mittelbach and R. Marr, “A Low Waste Process for the Production of Biodiesel,” Separa- tion Science and Technology, Vol. 30, No. 9, 1995, pp. 2021-2033. doi:10.1080/01496399508010391
[9] C. C. Akoh and B.G. Swanson, “Base Catalyzed Transesterification of Vegetable Oils,” Journal of Food Processing & Preservation, Vol. 12, 1988, pp. 139-149. doi:10.1111/j.1745-4549.1988.tb00073.x
[10] J. Van Gerpen, “Cetane Number Testing of Biodiesel,” Liquid Fuels and Industrial Products from Renewable Resources—Proceedings of the Third Liquid Fuels Con- ference, Nashville, 15-17 September 1996, pp. 166-176.
[11] M. Stumborg, A. Wong and E. Hogan, “Hydroprocessed Vegetable Oils for Diesel Fuel Improvement,” Biore- source Technology, Vol. 56, 1996, pp. 13-18. doi:10.1016/0960-8524(95)00181-6
[12] M. Stumborg, D. Soveran and W. Craig, “Conversion of Vegetable Oils to Renewable Diesel Additives,” Presented at the 1991 International Winter Meeting of the ASAE Paper No. 911567, Chicago, 17-20 December 1991.
[13] N. M. Strete, “Evaluation of Detergency Effects of Biodiesel Using Cummins L10 Injector Depositing Test— Cell 19,” Final report from ETS to NBB, 30 September 1996.
[14] L. L. Stavinoha and S. Howell, “Potential Analytical Methods for Stability Testing of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends,” Society of Automotive Engineering (Special Edition), USA Paper No. 1999-01-3520, 1999, 73-79.
[15] H. Stage, “Principle of the New ATT-Process for Converting Vegetable Oils to Diesel Fuels,” Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Technologie der Fette, ?le und Wachse, Vol. 90, No. 1, 1988, pp. 28-32.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.