Opportunities for Sustainable Low Carbon Energy Research Development and Applications
Abdeen Mustafa Omer
DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.23022   PDF    HTML     6,247 Downloads   11,459 Views   Citations


People to rely upon oil for primary energy and this for a few more decades. Other conventional sources may be more enduring, but are not without serious disadvantages. The renewable energy resources are particularly suited for the provision of rural power supplies and a major advantage is that equipment such as flat plate solar driers, wind machines, etc., can be constructed using local resources and without the advantage results from the feasibility of local maintenance and the general encouragement such local manufacture gives to the build up of small-scale rural based industry. This article comprises a comprehensive review of energy sources, the environment and sustainable development. It includes the renewable energy technologies, energy efficiency systems, energy conservation scenarios, energy savings in greenhouses environment and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate change. This article gives some examples of small-scale energy converters, nevertheless it should be noted that small conventional comma i.e, engines are currently the major source of power in rural areas and will continue to be so for a long time to come. There is a need for some further development to suit local conditions, to minimise spares holdings, to maximise interchangeability both of engine parts and of the engine application. Emphasis should be placed on full local manufacture. It is concluded that renewable environmentally friendly energy must be encouraged, promoted, implemented and demonstrated by full-scale plant especially for use in remote rural areas.

Share and Cite:

Omer, A. (2011) Opportunities for Sustainable Low Carbon Energy Research Development and Applications. Low Carbon Economy, 2, 173-191. doi: 10.4236/lce.2011.23022.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] G. Robinson, “Changes in Construction Waste Management,” Waste Management World, May-June 2007, pp. 43-49.
[2] A. M. Omer and D. Yemen, “Biogas an Appropriate Technology,” Proceedings of the 7th Arab International Solar Energy Conference, Sharjah, 19-22 February 2001, p. 417.
[3] D. T. Swift-Hook, et al., “Characteristics of a Rocking Wave Power Devices,” Nature, Vol. 254, 1975, pp. 504-506.
[4] R. H. Sims, “Not Too Late: IPCC Identifies Renewable Energy as a Key Measure to Limit Climate Change,” Renewable Energy World, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2007, pp. 31-39.
[5] T. Trevor, “Fridge Recycling: Bringing Agents in from the Cold,” Waste Management World, Vol. 5, 2007, pp. 43-47.
[6] International Energy Agency (IEA), “Indicators for Industrial Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions: A Technology Perspective,” International Energy Agency, Paris, 2007.
[7] G. Brain and S. Mark, “Garbage in, Energy out: Landfill Gas Opportunities for CHP Projects,” Cogeneration and On-Site Power, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2007, pp. 37-45.
[8] R. H. D. Rawlings, “Technical Note TN 18/99—Ground Source Heat Pumps: A Technology Review,” The Building Services Research and Information Association, Bracknell, 1999.
[9] E. R. Oxburgh, “Geothermal Energy,” Aspects of Energy Conversion, 1975, pp. 385-403.
[10] W. John, “The Glasshouse Garden (The Royal Horticultural Society Collection),” Conran Octopus Ltd, UK, 1993.
[11] United Nations, “World Urbanisation Prospect: The 1999 Revision,” The United Nations Population Division, New York, 2001.
[12] World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), “Our Common Future,” Oxford University Press, New York, 1987.
[13] G. Herath, “The Green Revolution in Asia: Productivity, Employment and the Role of Policies,” Oxford Agrarian Studies, Vol. 14, 1985, pp. 52-71.
[14] E. Jonathon, “Greenhouse Gardening,” The Crowood Press Ltd, UK, 1991.
[15] P. Achard and R. Gicqquel, “European Passive Solar Handbook,” Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, 1986.
[16] M. O. Abdeen, “Energy in Europe: Economics, Policy and Strategy—IB,” NOVA Science Publishers, Inc., New York, 2008, pp. 341-373.
[17] A. M. Omer, “Environmental and Socio-Economic Aspect of Possible Development in Renewable Energy Use,” Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Environment, Athens, 21-24 May 2009.
[18] A. M. Omer, “Energy Consumption, Environment and Sustainable Development,” Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Protection (SEEP 2009), Dublin, 12-15 August 2009, p.1011.
[19] A. M. Omer, “Energy Use and Environmental: Impacts: A General Review,” Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Vol.1, No.053101, 2009, pp.1-29. doi:10.1063/1.3220701
[20] A. M. Omer, “Environmental Cost Management,” NOVA Science Publishers, Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 129-166.
[21] United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), “Handbook for the International Treaties for the Protection of the Ozone Layer,” United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, 2003.
[22] World Bank, “World Development Report 2004: Making Services Work for Poor People,” World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2004.
[23] A. M. Omer, “Biomass Energy Potential and Future Prospect in Sudan,” Renewable & Sustainable Energy Re- view, Vol. 9, No. 1. 2005, pp. 1-27. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2003.12.011
[24] J. Singh, et al., “Biomass Conversion to Energy in India: A Critique,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2008, pp. 1367-1378. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.01.013
[25] M. H. Duku, et al., “Comprehensive Review of Biomass Resources and Biofuels Potential in Ghana,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2009, pp. 404-415. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.09.033
[26] Cheng, et al., “Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Status and Barriers,” World Bank Report, WPS5411, 2010.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.