A Comparative Study of Closure of Tympanic Membrane Perforation between Chemical Cauterization and Fat Plug Myringoplasty


The purpose of closure of small dry tympanic membrane perforations is to restore the continuity of the tympanic membrane in order to improve hearing and decrease the incidence of middle ear infections. Small and cost effective procedures like Chemical Cauterization and Fat Plug Myringoplasty have been found to be effective in healing small central perforations with significant hearing improvement. A study was carried out in 69 patients with central perforations in the Department of ENT, Gauhati Medical College & Hospital for the duration of 1 year from August 11 to July 12. Out of 69 patients, 36 underwent Chemical Cauterization and 33 Fat Plug Myringoplasty. Pre-and post-operative hearing assessments of each patient were done and statistically analyzed. The success rate was found to be 83.33% and 90.9% respectively. In both groups, there was statistically significant hearing improvement with a P value 0.01. From our study, it was found that the two procedures are simple, reliable and also lessened the morbidity of the patient. Thus we recommend the use of these two official procedures for the treatment of central perforations of tympanic membrane less than 5 mm.

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Debnath, M. and Khanna, S. (2013) A Comparative Study of Closure of Tympanic Membrane Perforation between Chemical Cauterization and Fat Plug Myringoplasty. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 2, 248-252. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2013.26052.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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