Effect of external electric field upon charge distribution, energy and dipole moment of selected monosaccharide molecules


External electric field of 0.001, 0.01 and 0.05 a.u. changes distribution of the electron density in α- and β-D-glucose, α- and β-D-galactose, α- and β-fructopyranoses and α- and β-fructofuranoses, α- and β-D-ribofuranoses and α and β-D-xylo- furanoses. Hyper-Chem 8.0 software was used together with the AM1 method for optimization of the conformation of the molecules of monosaccharides under study. Then polarizability, charge distribution, potential and dipole moment for molecules placed in the external electric field of 0.000, 0.001, 0.01 and 0.05 a.u. were calculated involving DFT 3-21G method. Application of the external field induced polarizability of electrons, atoms and dipoles, the latter resulting in eventual reorientation of the molecules along the applied field of the molecules and the electron density redistribution at particular atoms. Increase in the field strength generated mostly irregular changes of the electron densities at particular atoms of the molecules as well as polarizabilities. Energy of these molecules and their dipole moments also varied with the strength of the field applied. Results of computations imply that saccharides present in the living organisms may participate in the response of the living organisms to the external electric field affecting metabolism of the molecules in the body fluids by fitting molecules to the enzymes. Structural changes of saccharide components of the membranes can influence the membrane permeability.

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Mazurkiewicz, J. and Tomasik, P. (2012) Effect of external electric field upon charge distribution, energy and dipole moment of selected monosaccharide molecules. Natural Science, 4, 276-285. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.45040.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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