Donnan Electric Potential Dependence of Intraparticle Diffusion of Malachite Green in Single Cation Exchange Resin Particles: A Laser Trapping-Microspectroscopy Study


A laser trapping-microspectroscopy technique combined with excitation energy transfer from a fluorescent cationic dye (Rhodamine B, RB+) to a non-fluorescent cationic dye (Malachite Green, MG+) was employed to study pH effects on the diffusion coefficients of MG+ (D(MG+)) in single cation-exchange resin microparticles with the diameters of 16 μm. When RB+-pre-adsorbed resin particles were soaked in an aqueous MG+ solution, the RB+ fluorescence was quenched gradually with the soaking time. The time course of the quenching efficiency of RB+ by MG+ was then used to evaluate the D(MG+) value in the particle. The D(MG+) value increased from 1.1 × 10-11 to 4.3 × 10-11 cm2.s–1 on going the solu- tion pH value from 9 to 4. The results were explained reasonably by a Donnan electric potential model.

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N. M. Cuong, S. Ishizaka and N. Kitamura, "Donnan Electric Potential Dependence of Intraparticle Diffusion of Malachite Green in Single Cation Exchange Resin Particles: A Laser Trapping-Microspectroscopy Study," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 188-194. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2012.33027.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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