Energy-Efficient Cross-Layer Optimization for Wireless Sensor Networks


In this paper, we propose a cross-layer design combining adaptive modulation coding (AMC) and automatic repeat request (ARQ) to minimize the bit energy consumption under both packet loss rate and retransmission delay constraints. We analyze the best constellation size of M-ary square quadrature amplitude modulation (MQAM) in different distance, and give advice on retransmission limits under different packet loss rates. The impacts of path loss fading and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN)are taken into consideration. The computation of energy consumption includes the circuit, transmission and retransmission energies at both transmitter and receiver sides. Numerical results are obtained to verify the validity of our design. We also show that the retransmission benefit varies with the packet loss rate constraint.

Share and Cite:

Fei, Y. , Zhang, P. and Zhao, Y. (2013) Energy-Efficient Cross-Layer Optimization for Wireless Sensor Networks. Communications and Network, 5, 493-497. doi: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2090.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. Cui, A. J. Goldsmith and A. Bahai, “Energy-Constrained Modulation Optimization for Coded Systems,” IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, Vol. 1. 2003, pp. 372-376.
[2] S. G. Cui, “Energy-Constrained Modulation Optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2005, pp. 2349-2360.
[3] Q. Chen and M. C. Gursoy, “Energy-Efficient Modulation Design for Reliable Communication in Wireless Networks,” IEEE 43rd Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, 2009, pp. 811-816.
[4] J. Abouei, K. N. Plataniotis and S. Pasupathy, “Green Modulations in Energy-Constrained Wireless Sensor Networks,” IET Communications, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2011, pp. 240-251.
[5] Q. Liu, S. Zhou and G. B. Giannakis, “Cross-Layer Combining of Adaptive Modulation and Coding with Truncated Arq over Wireless Links,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 3, No. 5, 2004, pp. 1746- 1755.
[6] S. G. Cui, “Queuing With Adaptive Modulation And Coding Over Wireless Links: Cross-Layer Analysis and Design," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2005, pp. 1142-1153.
[7] J. Ramis and G. Femenias, “Cross-Layer Design of Adaptive Multirate Wireless Networks Using Truncated HARQ,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2011, pp. 944-954.
[8] P. Zhang, Y. Miao and Y. Zhao, “Cross-Layer Design of Amc and Truncated Harq Using Dynamic Switching Thresholds,” 2013 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2013.
[9] S. Cui, R. Madan, A. Goldsmith and S. Lall, “Joint Routing, Mac, and Link Layer Optimization in Sensor Networks with Energy Constraints,” 2005 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Vol. 2, 2005, pp. 725-729.
[10] T. H. Lee, “The Design of CMOS Radio-Frequency Integrated Circuits,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.