Socio-Economic Status and Hemoglobin Concentration of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Diabetic Clinic in Benin City, Nigeria


The aim of this study is to determine the Socio Economic Status and Red Blood Cell Hemoglobin concentration alteration in type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients attending Diabetic Clinic in Benin City, Nigeria. The sample population consists of 142 subjects, 71 of patients were known in Type 2 Diabetes mellitus already on drugs and were confirmed to be Diabetic using Glucose oxidase method while the other 71 subjects were age matched apparently healthy control subject on routine check up, they were confirmed to be non Diabetic using the Glucose oxidase method. Hemoglobin concentrations were done using the Cyanmethemoglobin method. Those under the low income Socio-Economic status had the highest incidence of type 2 Diabetes mellitus (49%) of the Diabetic population, closely followed by the middle income Socio-Economic status (35%) of the Diabetic populations. The Mean ± S.D of Hemoglobin concentration of control subjects against Mean ± S.D of Hemoglobin concentration of the various Socio-Economic status of Males and Females type 2 Diabetes mellitus patient show a statistically significant decrease (P < 0.05). Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is associated with Anemia irrespective of Socio-Economic status. Prevention of the Global Diabetes epidemic must include regular national surveys, introduction of Diabetes health education in schools, emphasis on balance diet, regular exercise and abstention from tobacco smoking.


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A. Ehiaghe, J. Ehiaghe, O. Ifeanyichukwu, I. Isioma, J. Ize-Iyamu and L. Ize-Iyamu, "Socio-Economic Status and Hemoglobin Concentration of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Diabetic Clinic in Benin City, Nigeria," Open Journal of Pathology, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2013, pp. 139-143. doi: 10.4236/ojpathology.2013.34026.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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