Superabsorbent polymer for water management in forestry


The effectiveness of a superabsorbent polymer of sodium polyacrylate was studied, with emphasis on water management, i.e., absorption, retention and desorption in the soil. The polymer was applied in plots with a sandy soil near Grandola (southern Portugal). Characterization of the most relevant physical and chemical properties of the polymer was made, namely, its specific gravity, particle diameter, capacity of water absorption and desorption. In the plots with and without the polymer, soil moisture was continuously monitored, and grassland biomass samples were collected and weighed. The results reflected the effective role of the polymer both in the improvement of the water regime in the soil and in the substantial increment of grassland productivity.

Share and Cite:

Casquilho, M. , Rodrigues, A. and Rosa, F. (2013) Superabsorbent polymer for water management in forestry. Agricultural Sciences, 4, 57-60. doi: 10.4236/as.2013.45B011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Allcock, H.R. and Lampe, F.W. (1990) Contemporary Polymer Chemistry, 2.nd ed., Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA. ISBN: 0131705490.
[2] Buchholz, F.L. and Graham, A.T. (1998) Modern superabsorbent polymer technology, Wiley-VCH, New York, NY (USA). ISBN: 0-471-19411-5.
[3] M2 Polymer Technologies, Inc. (2009) History of super absorbent polymer chemistry, accessed July, 2012.
[4] Hüttermann, A., Zommorodi, M. and Reise, K. (1999) Addition of hydrogels to soil for prolonging the survival of Pinus halepensis seedling subjected to drought. Soil and Tillage Research, 50, 295-304. doi:10.1016/S0167-1987(99)00023-9
[5] Kos, B. and Lestan, D. (2003) Induced phytoextraction/soil washing of Lead using biodegradable chelate and permeable barriers, Environ. Science & Technology, 37, 624-629. doi:10.1021/es0200793

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.