Identification of life habits factors as risk for gastritis and colitis occurrence in a mestizo population of Chabeklumil, Chiapas, México


Aim: Gastric diseases are a recent trend in morbidity in México. We aimed to identify most frequent life habits factors as risk for gastritis and colitis occurrence, in a Mexican mestizo population in Chabeklumil, Chiapas. Population: This study was observational, descriptive, transversal and prospective; 346 questionnaires were applied to individuals of both genders from 11 years of age, with low income and socio-economic status, after they signed the informed consent. An individual file was created by the nurses in Chabeklumil. The predominant gender in the population was female (56.1%), with a distribution of 166 among adulthood (19 - 59 years of age); among males (43.9%), 133 included adults. Results: We identified the following environmental risk factors to develop gastritis and colitis: long periods of daily fasting > consumption of irritant food and drink > stress, in females; in contrast, males reported alcohol and tobacco consumption > irritant food and drink > long periods of daily fasting > stress. We found statistical differences (P < 0.05) in risk factors between females and males, in drugs and alcohol consumption, fasting, and stress, but not in consumption of irritant foods, nor in colitis and gastritis prevalence. Conclusions: Females are most affected by life habits risk factors for gastritis/colitis, which occurs mainly due to lifestyle and “macho” culture, since women are precluded of a better living standard, they work hard in the field, and start early in the day without consuming a meal, which they eat late in the day once arriving home. People in Chabeklumil eat/drink a lot of irritant food like hot pepper and coffee, which damage the gastrointestinal system leading to gastritis and colitis. Furthermore, men started to consume drugs at early ages, a condition also involved in developing gastritis.

Share and Cite:

Tapia-Pancardo, D. , Jesús-Sandoval, R. , Valera-Mota, M. , Cadena-Anguiano, J. , Murguía-Romero, M. and Villalobos-Molina, R. (2012) Identification of life habits factors as risk for gastritis and colitis occurrence in a mestizo population of Chabeklumil, Chiapas, México. Open Journal of Nursing, 2, 67-71. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2012.22011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] INEGI (2007) Counting of Population and Housing (in Spanish).
[2] Redéen, S., Petersson, F., Kechagias, S., Márdh, E. and Borch, K. (2010) Natural history of chronic gastritis in a population-based cohort. Scandiavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 45, 540-549. doi:10.3109/00365521003624151
[3] Van Duynhoven, Y.T. and De Jonge, R. (2001) Transmission of Helicobacter pylori: A role for food? Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79, 455-460.
[4] Frenck, R. W. Jr. and Clemens, J. (2003) Helicobacter in the developing world. Microbes Infection, 5, 705-713. doi:0.1016/S1286-4579(03)00112-6
[5] Herrera-Goepfert, R., Yamamoto-Furusho, J.K., Onate-Ocana, L.F., Camorlinga-Ponce, M., Munoz, L., Ruiz-Morales, J.A., Vargas-Alarcon, G. and Granados, J. (2006) Role of the HLA-DQ locus in the development of chronic gastritis and gastric carcinoma in Mexican patients. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 12, 7762-7767.
[6] Romo-Gonzalez, C., Salama, N.R., Burge?o-Ferreira, J., Ponce-Casta?eda, V., Lazcano-Ponce, E., Camorlinga-Ponce, M. and Torres J. (2009) Differences in genome content among Helicobacter pylori isolates from patients with gastritis, duodenal ulcer, or gastric cancer reveal novel disease-associated genes. Infection and Immunology, 77, 2201-2211. doi:10.1128/IAI.01284-08
[7] Qiu, H.-B., Zhang, L.-Y., Keshari, R.-P., Wang, G.-Q., Zhou, Z.-W., Xu, D.-Z., Wang, W., Zhan, Y.-Q. and Li, W. (2010) Relationship between H. pylori infection and clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric cancer. BMC Cancer, 10, 374-382. doi:10.1186/1471-2407-10-374
[8] Dorer, M.S., Talarico, S. and Salama, N.R. (2009) Helicobacter pylori’s unconventional role in health and disease. PLoS Pathogens, 5, e1000544. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000544
[9] Salih, B.A., Abasiyanik, M.F., Bayyurt, N. and Sander, E. (2007) H. pylori infection and other risk factors associated with peptic ulcers in Turkish patients: A retrospective study. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 13, 3245-3248.
[10] Zhang, L., Eslick, G.D., Xia, H.-X., Wu, C., Phung, N. and Talley, N.J. (2010) Relationship between alcohol consumption and active Helicobacter pylori infection. Alcohol Alcoholism, 45, 89-94. doi:10.1093/alcalc/agp068
[11] Anonym (2007) Agriculture, coffee and chile pepper in Chiapas (in Spanish).
[12] Moraes, M.M.C. and Da Silva, G.A.P. (2003) Risk factors for Helicobacter pylori infection in children. Journal of Pediatry, 79, 21-28. doi:10.2223/JPED.933
[13] Vale, F.F. and Vítor, J.M.B. (2010) Transmission pathway of Helicobacter pylori: Does food play a role in rural and urban areas? International Journal of Food Microbiology, 138, 1-12. doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2010.01.016
[14] Nneli, R.O., Nwafia, W.C. and Orji, J.O. (2007) Diets/dietary habits and certain gastrointestinal disorders in the tropics: A review. Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences, 22, 1-13.
[15] Brenner, H., Rothenbacher, D., Bode, G. and Adler, G. (1999) Inverse graded relation between alcohol consumption and active infection with Helicobacter pylori. American Journal of Epidemiology, 149, 571-576.
[16] Ito, L.S., Oba-Shinjo, S.M., Marie, S.K., Uno, M., Shinjo, S.K., Hamajima, N., Tajima, K. and Tominaga, S. (2003) Lifestyle factors associated with atrophic gastritis among Helicobacter pylori seropositive Japanese-Brazilians in S?o Paulo. International Journal of Clinical Oncology, 8, 362-368. doi:10.1007/s10147-003-0355-3
[17] Stelmach, W., Kaczmarczyk-Cha?as, K., Bielecki, W. and Drygas, W. (2004) The association between income, education, control over life and health in a large urban population of Poland. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 17, 299-310.
[18] Izzotti, A., Durando, P., Ansaldi, F., Gianiorio, F. and Pulliero, A.I. (2009) Interaction between Helicobacter pylori, diet, and genetic polymorphisms as related to non-cancer diseases. Mutation Research, 667, 142-157. doi:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2009.02.002
[19] Murguía-Romero, M., Jiménez-Flores, R., Villalobos-Molina, R. and Méndez-Cruz, R. (2012) Estimating the geographic distribution of the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in young Mexicans. Geospatial Health, in press.
[20] Mohar, A., Ley, C., Guarner, J., Herrera-Goepfert, R., Figueroa, L.S., Halperin, D. and Parsonnet, J. (2002) Eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori in a Mexican population at high risk for gastric cancer and use of serology to assess cure. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 97, 2530-2535. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2002.06035.x

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.