Incidence and risk of anemia in type-2 diabetic patients in the absence of renal impairment
Babatunde Ishola Adejumo, Uchechukwu Dimkpa, Chinwe Obianuju Ewenighi, Abduffatah Adekunle Onifade, Azukaego Thomas Mokogwu, Tosan Amos Erhabor, Esmond Ukatu, Isaac Nwoye Nnatuanya
Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Clinical Medicine, Igbinedion University, Okada, Nigeria.
Department of Chemical Pathology/Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Lab Sciences, Elele Campus, Madonna University, Okija, Nigeria.
Education and Research Department, May and Baker Plc, Lagos, Nigeria.
Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria.
Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.
Physiology Department, Nnewi Campus, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.
Research and Training Department, Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria.
DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.46050   PDF    HTML     5,134 Downloads   11,072 Views   Citations


Aim: To determine the incidence of anemia in type-2 diabetic patients with normal renal function and assess the association of other factors related to diabetes with the risk of anemia. Methods: The study group comprised 72 patients with type-2 diabetes. Patients were divided into groups according to glycemic control, gender and age. Serum creatinine, hematocrit, hemoglobin concentration, blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of subjects were measured. The presence of anemia was defined by a he- moglobin level < 13.0 g/dL in men and <12.0 g/dL in women. Normal renal function (i.e. absence of renal impairment) was defined as serum creatinine level < 1.5 mg/dL. Results: 15.3% of the patients had anemia. The odds of developing anemia was higher in patients with poorly controlled diabetes (HbA1c > 7.5%) compared to those with controlled diabetes (≤7.5%) and in patients of age ≥ 60 yrs compared to those of age < 60 yrs (p < 0.05). The odds of anemia was similar in males and females (p = 0.26). Conclusion: This study indicated that poor glycemic control and old age are associated with the incidence of anemia in type-2 diabetics with normal renal function. Our findings suggest that treatment criteria for diabetes should include routine hematological tests and take into consideration the inevitable consequences of ageing, and poor glycemic control.

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Adejumo, B. , Dimkpa, U. , Ewenighi, C. , Onifade, A. , Mokogwu, A. , Erhabor, T. , Ukatu, E. and Nnatuanya, I. (2012) Incidence and risk of anemia in type-2 diabetic patients in the absence of renal impairment. Health, 4, 304-308. doi: 10.4236/health.2012.46050.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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