Co-application of herbicides and insecticides in dry bean


Eight field trials were conducted from 2006 to 2008 at various locations in Ontario to evaluate the co-application of postemergence herbicides with cyhalothrin-lambda or dimethoate insecticides in cranberry and white bean. At 2 weeks after treatment, the addition of cyhalothrin-lambda or dimethoate insecticides to sethoxydim, quizalofop-p-ethyl, bentazon, fomesafen and bentazon plus fomesafen did not increase injury at the Exeter and Ridgetown locations except for bentazon plus dimethoate which caused greater injury than bentazon alone (2.9% vs 0.2%) in 2006. However at Harrow, the addition of dimethoate to quizalofop-p-ethyl increased injury (0% vs 4.9%) in 2007 and the addition cyhalothrin-lambda or dimethoate to sethoxydim increased injury in 2008 in dry bean. The addition of cyhalothrin-lambda to quizalofop-p-ethyl also increased injury (0% vs 4.5%) in 2008. There was no adverse effect on dry bean injury with other treatments at Harrow in 2007 or 2008. The addition of cyhalothrin-lambda or dimethoate to the herbicides evaluated did not have any adverse effect on plant height, shoot dry weight or yield of dry bean except for bentazon plus dimethoate which decreased shoot dry weight 20% compared to bentazon alone at Harrow in 2008. Based on these results, cyhalothrin-lambda or dimethoate can be tank-mixed with sethoxydim, quizalofop-p-ethyl, bentazon, fomesafen and bentazon plus fomesafen when the optimum application timing of these herbicides and insecticides coincide.

Share and Cite:

Soltani, N. , Nurse, R. , Shropshire, C. and Sikkema, P. (2012) Co-application of herbicides and insecticides in dry bean. Agricultural Sciences, 3, 361-367. doi: 10.4236/as.2012.33042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] McGee, B. (2011) Estimated area, yield, production and farm value of specified field crops, Ontario, 2001-2010, (metric units).
[2] [OMAFRA] Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (2010) Guide to weed control. Publication 75, Toronto.
[3] Senseman, S.A. (2007). Herbicide handbook. 9th Edition, Champaign.
[4] [OMAFRA] Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (2009) Agronomy guide for field crops. Publication 811, Toronto.
[5] Grichar, J.W. and Prostko, E.P. (2009) Effect of glyphosate and fungicide combinations on weed control in soybeans. Crop Protection, 28, 619-622. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2009.03.006
[6] Jordan, D.L., Culpepper, A.S., Grichar, W.J., Tredaway-Ducar, J., Brecke, B.J. and York, A.C. (2003) Weed control with combinations of selected fungicides and herbicides applied postemergence to peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Peanut Science, 30, 1-8. doi:10.3146/pnut.30.1.0001
[7] Jordan, D.L., Johnson, D. and York, A.C. (2006) Influence of foliar fertilizers and pesticides on efficacy of selected postemergence herbicides. Weed Science Society of America, 46, 38.
[8] Lancaster, S.H., Jordan, D.L., Brandenburg, R.L., Royal, B., Shew, B., Bailey, J., Curtis, V., York, A.C., Wilcut, J.W., Beam, J., Prostko, E., Culpepper, A.S., Grey, T., Johnson III, C., Kemerait, R., Brecke, B., McDonald, G., Tredaway-Ducar, J., College, B. and Wall, B. (2005) Tank mixing chemicals applied to peanut crops: Are the chemicals compatible? Extension Bulletin No. AGW653, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service.
[9] Lancaster, S.H., Jordan, D.L., Spears, J.F., York, A.C., Wilcut, J.W., Monks, D.W., Batts, R.B. and Brandenburg, R.L. (2005) Sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia) control and seed production after 2,4-DB applied alone and with fungicides or insecticides. Weed Technology, 19, 451-455. doi:10.1614/WT-04-227R
[10] Robinson, D.E., Soltani, N., Hamill, A.S. and Sikkema, P.H. (2006) Weed control in processing tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) with rimsulfuron and thifensulfuron applied alone or with chlorothalonil or copper pesticides. HortScience, 41, 1295-1297.
[11] [SAS] Statistical Analysis Systems (2008) The SAS system. Version 9.2, Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Cary.
[12] Bartlett, M.S. (1947) The use of transformations. Biometrics, 3, 39-52. doi:10.2307/3001536
[13] VanGessel, J.M., Monks, W.D. and Quintin, R.J. (2000) Herbicides for potential use in lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) production. Weed Technology, 14, 279-286. doi:10.1614/0890-037X(2000)014[0279:HFPUIL]2.0.CO;2
[14] Soltani, N., Bowley S. and Sikkema P.H. (2005) Responses of black and cranberry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) to postemergence herbicides. Crop Protection, 24, 15-21. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2004.06.003
[15] Burnside, O.C., Ahrens W.H., Holder B.J., Wiens, M.J., Johnson, M.M. and Ristau E.A. (1994) Efficacy and economics of various mechanical plus chemical weed control systems in dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Weed Technology, 8, 238-244.
[16] Sikkema, P.H., Soltani N., Shropshire C. and Cowan. T. (2004) Tolerance of white beans to postemergence broad-leaf herbicides. Weed Technology, 18, 893-901. doi:10.1614/WT-03-043R3
[17] Soltani, N. and Sikkema, P.H. (2005) White bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) tolerance to preplant-incorporated herbicides. Weed Biology and Management, 5, 35-38. doi:10.1111/j.1445-6664.2005.00153.x
[18] Blackshaw, R.E., Molnar, J.L., Muendel, H.H., Saindon, G. and Li, X. (2000) Integration of cropping practices and herbicides improves weed management in dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Weed Technology, 14, 327-336. doi:10.1614/0890-037X(2000)014[0327:IOCPAH]2.0.CO;2
[19] Wall, D.A. (1995) Bentazon tank-mixtures for improved redwood pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) and common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) control in navy beans. Weed Technology, 9, 610-616

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.