Income, Homeownership and Residential Assorting among Latinos in the US
Antwan Jones
DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2011.11001   PDF    HTML     4,949 Downloads   8,496 Views   Citations


This study examines the 2000 Public Use Microdata 5% Sample to ascertain the relationship between income, residential assorting and homeownership for those of Latino origin (N = 46,024). Using logistic and ordinary least squares regression to ascertain the relationship between income and homeownership, I find that income has a disproportionate impact on the odds of owning a home and how ethnically similar the area Hispanics live for all five ethnic groups. In addition, income has a significant impact on the extent of ethnic clustering in the area Hispanics live. I conclude that income is a highly significant mediator of the relationship between ethnicity and both homeownership and residential assorting. The results illustrate that ethnic differences in income also impact ethnic differences in residential assorting, an extension to the emerging literature that racial differences in income impact racial differences in residential location.

Share and Cite:

Jones, A. (2011). Income, Homeownership and Residential Assorting among Latinos in the US. Advances in Applied Sociology, 1, 1-12. doi: 10.4236/aasoci.2011.11001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Alba, R. D. (1992). Assimilation and stratification in the homeownership patterns of racial and ethnic groups. International Migration Review, 26, 1314-1341. doi:10.2307/2546885
[2] Alba, R. D., & Logan, J. R. (1991). Variations on two themes: Racial and ethnic patterns in the attainment of suburban residence. Demography, 28, 431-453. doi:10.2307/2061466
[3] Borjas, G. J. (1998). To ghetto or not to ghetto: Ethnicity and residential segregation. Journal of Urban Economics, 44, 228-253. doi:10.1006/juec.1997.2068
[4] Bureau of Labor Statistics (2002). Consumer expenditure survey. URL (last checked 8 December 2011)
[5] Chandrasekhar, C. A. (2004). Can new Americans achieve the American dream? Promoting homeownership in immigrant communities in Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review. Winter 2004, 39 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 169.
[6] Conley, D. (1999). Being black, living in the red: Race, wealth, and social policy in America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
[7] Crowder, K., Chavez, E., & South, S. J. (2006). Wealth, race and inter-neighborhood migration. American Sociological Review, 71, 72-94. doi:10.1177/000312240607100104
[8] Doeringer, P., & Piore, M. (1971). Internal labor markets and manpower analysis. Lexington, MA: Lexington.
[9] Edin, P. A., Fredriksson, P., & Aslund, O. (2003). Ethnic enclaves and the economic success of immigrants—evidence from a natural experiment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 329-357. doi:10.1162/00335530360535225
[10] Eggers, F. J., & Burke, P. E. (2002). Can the national homeownership rate be significantly improved by reaching underserved markets? Housing Policy Debate, 7, 83-101. doi:10.1080/10511482.1996.9521214
[11] Finkel, M., & Kennedy, S. D. (2002). Racial/ethnic differences in utilization of Section 8 existing rental vouchers and certificates. Housing Policy Debate, 3, 463-508. doi:10.1080/10511482.1992.9521101
[12] Flippen, C. A. (2001). Residential segregation and minority home ownership. Social Science Research, 30, 337-362. doi:10.1006/ssre.2001.0701
[13] Hao, L. (2005). Wealth inequality in the US: Does nativity play a role? Paper presented at the Population Association of America meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
[14] Hao, L. (2006). Wealth of immigrant and native-born Americans. International Migration Review, 38, 518-546.
[15] Henretta, J. (1979). Race differences in middle class lifestyle: The role of homeownership. Social Science Research, 8, 63-78. doi:10.1016/0049-089X(79)90014-0
[16] Iceland, J. (2002). Beyond black and white: Metropolitan residential segregation in multi-ethnic America. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
[17] Jones, A., & Goza, F. (2008). Segregation and cardiovascular illness: The role of individual and areal socioeconomic status. Paper presented at the Population Association of America meeting, Detroit, MI.
[18] Jones-Correa, M. (1998). Different paths: Gender, immigration and political participation. International Migration Review, 32, 326-349. doi:10.2307/2547186
[19] Kain, J. F., & Quigley, J. M. (1972). Housing market discrimination, homeownership and savings behavior. American Economic Review, 72, 263-277.
[20] Keister, L. A. (2000). Wealth in America. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511625503
[21] Kochhar, R., Gonzalez-Barrera A., & Dockterman, D. (2009). Through boom and bust: Minorities, immigrants and homeownership. Pew Hispanic Center Report. URL (last checked December 8, 2011)
[22] Krivo, L. J. (1995). Immigrant characteristics and Hispanic-Anglo housing inequality. Demography, 32, 599-615. doi:10.2307/2061677
[23] Lieberson, S. (1980). A piece of the pie: Blacks and white immigrants since 1880. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
[24] Massey, D. S., & Denton, N. A. (1989). Hypersegregation in US metropolitan areas: Black and Hispanic segregation along five dimensions. Demography, 26, 373-391. doi:10.2307/2061599
[25] Massey, D. S., & Denton, N. A. (1993). American apartheid: Segregation and the making of the underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
[26] Massey, D. S., & Sana, M. (2003). Patterns of US migration from Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America. Migraciones Internacionales, 2, 5-39.
[27] McConnell, E. D., & Marcelli, E. A. (2007). Buying into the American dream? Mexican immigrants, legal status and homeownership in Los Angeles county. Social Science Quarterly, 88, 199-221. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6237.2007.00454.x
[28] Oliver, M. L., & Shapiro T. (1995). Black wealth/white wealth: A new perspective on racial inequality. New York, NY: Routledge.
[29] Painter, G., Gabriel, S., & Myers, D. (2001). Race, immigrant status and housing tenure choice. Journal of Urban Economics, 49, 150- 167. doi:10.1006/juec.2000.2188
[30] Portes, A., & Rumbaut R. G. (1996). Immigrant America: A portrait (2nd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
[31] Ratner, M. S. (2002). Many routes of homeownership: A four-site ethnographic study of minority and immigrant experiences. Housing Policy Debate, 7, 103-145. doi:10.1080/10511482.1996.9521215
[32] Reskin, B., & Roos P. (1990). Job queues, gender queues: Explaining women’s inroads into male occupations. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
[33] Rosenbaum, E. (1992). Race and ethnicity in housing: Turnover in New York City, 1978-1987. Demography, 29, 467-486. doi:10.2307/2061829
[34] Saiz, A. (2003). Room in the kitchen for the melting pot: Immigration and rental prices. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 85, 502-521. doi:10.1162/003465303322369687
[35] Skaburskis, A. (1996). Race and tenure in Toronto. Urban Studies, 33, 223-252. doi:10.1080/00420989650011988
[36] Smith, J. P. (1995). Racial and ethnic differences in wealth in the Health and Retirement Study. Journal of Human Resources, 30, S159-S183. doi:10.2307/146282
[37] South, S. J., Crowder, K., & Chavez, E. (2005). Migration and spatial assimilation among US Latinos: Classical versus segmented trajectories. Demography, 42, 497-521. doi:10.1353/dem.2005.0025
[38] Spilerman, S. (2000). Wealth and stratification processes. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 497-524. doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.26.1.497
[39] Thernstrom, S., & Thernstrom, A. (1997). America in black and white: One nation, indivisible. New York: Simon and Schuster.
[40] US Census Bureau (2010). Housing vacancies and homeownership annual statistics. URL (last checked 8 December 2011)
[41] Walker, R. T., Solecki, W. D., & Harwell, C. (1997). Land use dynamics and ecological transition: The case of south Florida. Urban Ecosystems, 1, 37-47. doi:10.1023/A:1014311116523
[42] Wilkes, R., & Iceland, J. (2004). Hypersegregation in the twenty-first century. Demography, 41, 23-36. doi:10.1353/dem.2004.0009
[43] Williams, R. A., Nesiba, R., & McConnell, E. D. (2005). The changing face of inequality in home mortgage lending. Social Problems, 52, 181-208. doi:10.1525/sp.2005.52.2.181
[44] Wolff, E. N. (1998). Recent trends in the size distribution of household wealth. Journal of Economic Prospective, 12, 131-150. doi:10.1257/jep.12.3.131
[45] Wu, W., Lien, H, & Lin, C. (2004). Housing and educational attainments of children. Department of Economics, National Chengchi University, unpublished manuscript. URL (last checked 8 December 2011)

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.