Nutritional Quality of Breakfast Affects Cognitive Function: An fMRI Study
Yuko Akitsuki, Seishu Nakawaga, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
DOI: 10.4236/nm.2011.23026   PDF   HTML   XML   7,656 Downloads   16,136 Views   Citations


To investigate the neural underpinnings of the effect of nutrition, brain activity of six young healthy volunteers who had a breakfast including various nutrients was compared to when they skipped breakfast or had only sugar for breakfast by functional magnetic resonance imaging. A repeated measure counterbalanced crossover design was employed. We demonstrated that significantly higher brain activation was observed in the medial aspect of the prefrontal cortex when the subjects had a nutritionally balanced breakfast while the subjects were conducting N-back tasks. This preliminary report was the first to demonstrate by means of brain imaging techniques that taking various nutrients as breakfast as well sugar has relevant impacts on underlying physiological events or cognition.

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Y. Akitsuki, S. Nakawaga, M. Sugiura and R. Kawashima, "Nutritional Quality of Breakfast Affects Cognitive Function: An fMRI Study," Neuroscience and Medicine, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 192-197. doi: 10.4236/nm.2011.23026.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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