New Discussion about “Cannot Be Defeated”
—Read The Old Man and the Sea from the Perspective of Ecocriticism
Qi Han*
Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing, China.
DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.312022   PDF   HTML   XML   7,066 Downloads   8,417 Views  


Hemingway’s representative work The Old Man and the Sea is a milestone great work in the history of literature, and the typical works successfully describing the relationship between man and nature. Since published, after generations of review, in the 1990s, ecocriticism aimed at discussing about the relationship between the literature and the natural environment was born. In the new round of literary criticism, people attached great importance to the masterpiece. People love the novel. The symbolic novel mainly describing the nature not only has countless achievements in the past, but also is energetic today.

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Han, Q. (2015) New Discussion about “Cannot Be Defeated”
—Read The Old Man and the Sea from the Perspective of Ecocriticism. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 196-199. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.312022.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Schaeffer, F.A. (2011) Pollution and the Death of Man: The Christian View of Ecology. Appendix, Tyndale House Publishers, Wheaton, 97-115.
[2] Hemingway, E., Translated by Zhang, J.P. (2002) Green Hills of Africa. Shanghai Translation Publishing House, Shanghai.
[3] Jiang, G.H. (2004) Ecological Literature Has a Brilliant Future. People’s Daily, 2004-06-29.
[4] Kurtsinger, C., Translated by Zhou, G.Z. (1983) Hemingway & Gellhorn, Zhejiang Literature and Art Publishing House, Hangzhou.

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