Photonuclear Effect on ITER Operation

DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2015.38130   PDF   HTML   XML   2,034 Downloads   2,372 Views  

Abstract

In this study, neutron and gamma radiation produced during the ITER tokamak operation including the nuclear heating were studied. This is an approach for analyzing the neutron flux by their contributions. The calculations were conducted using Geant4 Monte Carlo method based on the ITER simplified geometry. It was found that for present design of ITER, only 0.1% of neutrons is contributed by photonuclear interaction while, 33% belongs to the (n, xn) reaction. Finally by adding Beryllium element in the coolant leading to the increase in the neutron flux by increasing the rate of (γ, n) reactions was calculated.

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Tabbakh, F. and Gharashi, A. (2015) Photonuclear Effect on ITER Operation. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 3, 1051-1055. doi: 10.4236/jamp.2015.38130.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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[10] IAEA (2000) TECDOC-1178: Handbook of Photonuclear Data for Applications (Vienna/ IAEA).

  
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