Share This Article:

Teaching New Mothers about Infant Feeding Cues May Increase Breastfeeding Duration

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:220KB) PP. 259-264
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.24037    6,809 Downloads   13,018 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The objective of this pilot study was to compare two different methods of educating prenatal women regarding breast-feeding. Comparisons were made between traditional and innovative methods to determine which was more effective in increasing breastfeeding duration. Over a 32 month period, 197 prenatal women were assigned to either a control (C, n = 139) or an experimental (E, n = 51) group. The C group received standard breastfeeding education, while the E group received standard education in addition to information about infant hunger cues. Cox Regression and Kap-lan- Meier analysis were performed. Estimated mean number of weeks for C and E groups to continue breastfeeding was 14.3 + 17.4 weeks and 18.5 + 17.1 weeks, respectively. At 26 weeks, duration of breastfeeding approached significance (chi square = 2.907, df = 1, p = 0.088), indicating probability of continuing to breastfeed was about 28% better for those in E group when compared to C group. Duration of breastfeeding may increase when prenatal women are taught to identify infant behavior such as hunger cues.

Cite this paper

J. Kandiah, C. Burian and V. Amend, "Teaching New Mothers about Infant Feeding Cues May Increase Breastfeeding Duration," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 259-264. doi: 10.4236/fns.2011.24037.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] American Academy of Pediatrics, “Poicy Statement: Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk,” Pediatrics, Vol. 115, No. 2, 2005, pp. 496-506. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-2491
[2] American Dietetic Association, “Position of the American Dietetic Association: Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 105, No. 5, 2009, pp. 810-818.
[3] World Health Organization, “Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding,” World Health Organization, Geneva, 2003.
[4] United States Department of Health and Human Services, “Healthy People 2010: Conference Edition: Volumes I and II,” US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington DC, 2010.
[5] K. Hurley, et al., “Variation in Breastfeeding Behaviours, Perceptions, and Experiences by Race Ethnicity among a Low-Income Statewide Sample of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (W- IC) Partipants in the United States,” Maternal and Child Nutrition, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2008, pp. 95-105. doi:10.1111/j.1740-8709.2007.00105.x
[6] United States Department of Agriculture, “Women, Infants, and Children,” 2010. http://www.fns.usda.gov/wic/
[7] J. Weimer, “The Economical Cost of Breastfeeding: A Review and an Analysis,” US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, 2001.
[8] G. Balaban, et al., “Early Weaning and Other Potential Risk Factors for Overweight among Preschool Children,” Clinics, Vol. 65, No. 2, 2010, pp. 181-187. doi:10.1590/S1807-59322010000200010
[9] M. S. Kramer, et al., “Health and Development Outcomes in 6.5 yr-Old Children Breastfed Exclusively for 3 to 6 Months,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 90, No. 4, 2009, pp. 1070-1074. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2009.28021
[10] A. M. Stuebe and E. B. Schwartz, “The Risks and Benefits of Infant Feeding Practices for Women and Their Children,” Journal of Perinatology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 2010, pp. 155-162. doi:10.1038/jp.2009.107
[11] Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, “The Mothers Survey,” Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, 2000, pp. 1-12.
[12] B. J. Schwartz, et al., “Does WIC Participation Improve Breastfeeding Practices?” American Journal of Public Heal- th, Vol. 85, No. 5, 2005, pp. 727-731.
[13] M. L. Overfield, et al., “Clinical Guidelines for the Establishment of Exclusive Breastfeeding,” 2005. http://www.ilca.org/files/resources/ClinicalGuidelines2005.pdf
[14] F. U. Chiu, et al., “Common Problems of Clinical Performance Examination in Breastfeeding Instruction for Nursing Baccalaureate Students,” Journal of Nursing Resour- ces, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2003, pp. 109-118. doi:10.1097/01.JNR.0000347626.57229.3e
[15] K. A. Bonuck, et al., “Randomized, Controlled, Trial of Prenatal and Post-Natal Lactation Cosultant on Duration and Intensity of Breastfeeding up to 12 Months,” Pediatrics, Vol. 116, No. 6, 2005, pp. 1413-1426. doi:10.1542/peds.2005-0435
[16] M. Lucak, et al., “How to Integrate a Lactation Consultant in an Outpatient Clinic Environment,” Journal of Human Lactation, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2006, pp. 99-103.
[17] C. Lawler-Smith, et al., “Effective Breastfeeding Support in a General Practice,” Australian Family Physician, Vol. 26, No. 5, 1997, pp. 573-575 and 578-580.
[18] J. P. Sciacca, et al., “Influences on Breastfeeding by Lower Income Women: An Incentive-Based, Partner-Suppor- ted Educational Program,” Journal of American Dietetic Association, Vol. 95, No. 3, 1995, pp. 323-328.
[19] N. B. Brent, et al., “Breastfeeding in a Low Income Population: Program to Increase Incidence and Duration,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 149, No. 7, 1995, pp. 798-803.
[20] T. Martinussen and T. H. Scheike, “Dynamic Regression Models for Survival Data,” Springer, New York, 2006.
[21] R. Meyer, “Infant Feed First Year. 1: Feeding Practices in the First Six Months of Life,” Journal of Family Health Care, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2009, pp. 13-16.
[22] T. C. Wu and P. H. Chen, “Health Conesquences of Nutrition in Childhood and Early Infancy,” Pediatric Neonatology, Vol. 50, No. 4, 2009, pp. 135-142.
[23] J. C. Chezem, et al., “Lactation Duration: Influences of Human Milk Replacements and Formula Samples in Wo- men Planning Postpartum Employment,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing, Vol. 27, No. 6, 1998, pp. 646-651. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.1998.tb02634.x
[24] D. Wade, et al., “Breastfeeding Peer Support: Are There Additional Benefits?” Journal of Community Practices, Vol. 82, No. 12, 2009, pp. 30-33.
[25] C. R. Howard, et al., “Randomized Clinical Trial of Pacifier Use and Bottle Feeding or Cup Feeding and Their Effect on Breastfeeding,” Pediatrics, Vol. 111, No. 3, 2003, pp. 511-518.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.