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Factors Influencing Sexual Behavior among Female Adolescents in Onitsha, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.416139    5,984 Downloads   7,192 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: The sexual health indices of the adolescents are very poor. This study ascertained the factors influencing the sexual behaviour among female adolescents in Onitsha, Anambra state, Nigeria. Method: This was a cross sectional design in which a total of 800 female adolescents were selected from secondary schools in the area using multistage sampling method; and also selected from a major market (for those who were not at school) in the same geographical area using cluster sampling technique. Data were collected from the respondents about socio-demographic profile, reproductive and sexual health knowledge, attitude, behavior, sources of sexual health information. Result: The highest proportion of students who had ever had sex was found among the 16 - 17 years age group while the modal age group was 18 - 19 years for non students. Also “not living with both parents” and poor family background, were markedly associated with increased likelihood to engage in sexual activity. Poverty level was particularly high among the non-student adolescents. Furthermore, wrong knowledge of fertile period, low risk perception of HIV and premarital, and use of condoms among the respondents were all significantly associated with increased chance to engage in sex. The student adolescents got sexuality information mainly from the teachers; as opposed to their non-student counterparts who had youth organization and friends as main sources. Conclusion: Family values, poverty alleviation, change of attitude through appropriate health and sexuality education especially targeting the non-student adolescents are highly recommended. Sexual negotiation skill, accessible formal education for all should be encouraged to create the right sexual behavior among the adolescent girls.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Udigwe, I. , Adogu, P. , Nwabueze, A. , Adinma, E. , Ubajaka, C. and Onwasigwe, C. (2014) Factors Influencing Sexual Behavior among Female Adolescents in Onitsha, Nigeria. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 987-995. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.416139.

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