Biomechanical Stability of Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: Comparison of Two Locking Plates


Introduction: Recently, new plates with locking screws have been developed and used for medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO). The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare biomechanical properties of different internal fixations in open-wedge HTO using the two currently available locking plates. Methods: Eight paired fresh-frozen cadaveric lower extremities were vertically embedded in steel boxes. The axial compression load was applied to the legs using the mechanical testing machine. The axial compression load test from 0 N to 550 N and the failure test were performed before and after HTO. One side of the leg of a specimen was fixed with the Puddu locking plate and the other side was fixed with the TomoFix plate to compare the two plates using the same specimen. A mode of failure and vertical displacement of the medial and lateral parts of the tibia at the osteotomy gap was recorded using a video camera in the failure test. The load–displacement data were analyzed to calculate stiffness, failure load, and displacement at failure. Results: The mean failure load was 1471.4 N and 1692.3 N and total vertical displacement at failure was 3.1 mm and 2.9 mm with the Puddu and TomoFix plates, respectively. During axial compression loading, displacements mainly occurred at the lateral osteotomy gap, while the medial gap was well preserved. No significant differences were observed in the failure load, displacement, or mode of failure between the two plates. Conclusions: The Puddu and TomoFix plates had similar biomechanical properties in open-wedge HTO. The results indicated reliable stability after open-wedge HTO without fibular osteotomy.

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Watanabe, K. , Kamiya, T. , Suzuki, D. , Otsubo, H. , Teramoto, A. , Suzuki, T. and Yamashita, T. (2014) Biomechanical Stability of Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy: Comparison of Two Locking Plates. Open Journal of Orthopedics, 4, 257-262. doi: 10.4236/ojo.2014.410042.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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